International Chemical Safety Cards

CALCIUM HYDROXIDE ICSC: 0408
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Calcium dihydroxide
Calcium hydrate
Hydrated lime
Slaked lime
Ca(OH)2
Molecular mass: 74.1
ICSC #    0408
CAS #     1305-62-0
RTECS # EW2800000
September 04, 1997 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Roughness. Pain. Dry skin. Skin burns. Blisters.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
Safety goggles, or face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Abdominal cramps. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into containers, then remove to safe place. (Extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
Separated from strong acids.

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0408 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

CALCIUM HYDROXIDE ICSC: 0408
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS CRYSTALS OR WHITE POWDER.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing calcium oxide. The solution in water is a medium strong base. Reacts violently with acids. Attacks many metals in presence of water forming flammable/explosive gas (hydrogen - see ICSC 0001.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 5 mg/m³ (ACGIH 1996).
OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m3 (total) 5 mg/m3 (resp)
NIOSH REL: TWA 5 mg/m3
NIOSH IDLH: N.D. See: IDLH INDEX


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the respiratory tract and is corrosive to the eyes and the skin. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. Lungs may be affected by repeated or prolonged exposure to dust particles.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Melting point (decomposes): 580°C
Relative density (water = 1): 2.2
Solubility in water: none
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0408 CALCIUM HYDROXIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.