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FURFURAL

ICSC: 0276

2-Furancarboxyaldehyde
2-Furaldehyde
2-Furylmethanal
C5H4O2 / C4H3OCHO
Molecular mass: 96.1
ICSC #    0276
CAS #     98-01-1
RTECS # LT7000000
UN #        1199
EC #         605-010-00-4
November 24, 1998 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 60°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 60°C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment.

EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Cough. Headache. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin. Redness. Pain.
Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Face shield.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Headache. Sore throat. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Separated from strong bases, strong acids, strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs . Keep in the dark. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
T symbol
R: 21-23/25-36/37-40
S: 1/2-26-36/37/39-45
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Subsidiary Risks: 3
UN Packing Group: II
ICSC: 0276 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

FURFURAL

ICSC: 0276

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D

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A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS TO YELLOW LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS RED-BROWN ON EXPOSURE TO AIR AND LIGHT.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance polymerizes under the influence of acid(s) or base(s) with fire or explosion hazard. Reacts violently with oxidants . Attacks many plastics.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 2 ppm as TWA; (skin) A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); BEI issued (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: skin absorption (H);
Carcinogen category: 3B;
(DFG 2004).
OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m3) skin
NIOSH REL: See Appendix D
NIOSH IDLH: 100 ppm See: 98011


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:


EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the liver .

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 162°C
Melting point: -36.5°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.16
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 8.3
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.144
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.31
Flash point: 60°C (c.c.)
Auto-ignition temperature: 315°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.1-19.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.41

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to aquatic organisms.

N O T E S

The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1199 or 61GTF1-II

NFPA Code: H2; F2; R0;
Card has been partially updated in January 2008: see Ingestion First Aid.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0276 FURFURAL
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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