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FLUOROACETIC ACID

ICSC: 0274

alpha-Fluoroacetic acid
Monofluoroacetic acid
FAA
C2H3FO2 / CH2FCOOH
Molecular mass: 78.0
ICSC #    0274
CAS #     144-49-0
RTECS # AH5950000
UN #        2642
EC #         607-081-00-7
March 13, 1995 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Cough. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting. Excessive salivation, numbness and tingling sensation. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes). Arrhythmia.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Serious skin burns. Pain.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.
Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Convulsions (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Separated from food and feedstuffs . Keep in a well-ventilated room.
Airtight. Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
T+ symbol
N symbol
R: 28-50
S: 1/2-20-22-26-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: I
ICSC: 0274 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

FLUOROACETIC ACID

ICSC: 0274

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D

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A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
ODOURLESS COLOURLESS CRYSTALS.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing highly toxic fumesincluding fluorides.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: for Sodium fluoroacetate 0.05 mg/m3; (skin); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: for Sodium fluoroacetate 0.05 mg/m3 (Inhalable fraction)
Peak limitation category: II(2)
skin absorption (H); (DFG 2005).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying or when dispersed, especially if powdered.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system , central nervous system , kidneys , resulting in impaired functions including cardiac and renal failure. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 165°C
Melting point: 35.2°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.37
Solubility in water: soluble
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.061 (est.)

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to mammals.

N O T E S

The symptoms of central nervous system, cardiac, and renal failure do not become manifest until a few hours have passed. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Card has been partly updated in October 2004. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT2-I

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0274 FLUOROACETIC ACID
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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