International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHYLENE GLYCOL ICSC: 0270
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
1,2-Ethanediol
1,2-Dihydroxyethane
HOCH2CH2OH
Molecular mass: 62.1
ICSC #    0270
CAS #     107-21-1
RTECS # KW2975000
EC #         603-027-00-1
March 25, 1999 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

 •INHALATION Cough. Dizziness. Headache.
Ventilation.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Dry skin.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Dullness. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention. If no medical personnel are available and the patient is conscious, ingestion of alcoholic beverage may prevent kidney failure.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours.
Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases. Dry. Ventilation along the floor.

Xn symbol
R: 22
S: (2)
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0270 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHYLENE GLYCOL ICSC: 0270
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
ODOURLESS , COLOURLESS VISCOUS HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
On combustion, forms toxic gases. Reacts with strong oxidants and strong bases .

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 100 mg/m (Ceiling value); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 10 ppm, 26 mg/m;
Peak limitation category: I(2);
skin absorption (H);
Pregnancy risk group: C;
(DFG 2004).
OSHA PEL: none
NIOSH REL: See Appendix D
NIOSH IDLH: N.D. See: IDLH INDEX


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the kidneys and central nervous system , resulting in renal failure and brain injury. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the central nervous system , resulting in abnormal eye movements (nystagmus).
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 198C
Melting point: -13C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
Solubility in water:
miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: 7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 111C (c.c.)
Auto-ignition temperature: 398C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.2-15.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.93
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
NFPA Code: H1; F1; R0;
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0270 ETHYLENE GLYCOL
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.