International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHYLBENZENE ICSC: 0268
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Ethylbenzol
Phenylethane
EB
C8H10/C6H5C2H5
Molecular mass: 106.2
3 Flammable Liquid placard ICSC #    0268
CAS #     100-41-4
RTECS # DA0700000
UN #        1175
EC #         601-023-00-4
November 23, 2007 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Dry powder. Foam. Carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

 •INHALATION Cough. Sore throat. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. crimation; deleted at update Nov 07 - only at very high levels.
Safety goggles
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Burning sensation in the throat and chest. (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.

F symbol
Xn symbol
R: 11-20
S: 2-16-24/25-29
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: II
Signal: Danger
Flame-Excl mark-Health haz
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
May be harmful if swallowed
Harmful if inhaled vapour
Causes mild skin irritation
Causes eye irritation
Suspected of causing cancer
May cause respiratory irritation
May cause drowsiness or dizziness
May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways
Toxic to aquatic life
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0268 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHYLBENZENE ICSC: 0268
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH AROMATIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Reacts with strong oxidants. Attacks plastic and rubber.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 100 ppm as TWA, 125 ppm as STEL; A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); BEI issued, (ACGIH 2007).
EU OEL: 442 mg/m³ 100 ppm as TWA 884 mg/m³ 200 ppm as STEL (skin) (EU 2006).
OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (435 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (435 mg/m3) ST 125 ppm (545 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: 800 ppm 10%LEL See: 100414


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure above the OEL could cause lowering of consciousness.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans. The substance may have effects on the kidneys and liver , resulting in impaired functions Repeated contact with skin may cause dryness and cracking.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 136°C
Melting point: -95°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.9
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 0.015
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.9
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.7
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.02
Flash point: 18°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 432°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.0-6.7
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.1
Viscosity, mm²/s at 25 °C: 0.6
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised that this substance does not enter the environment.
N O T E S
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-305 1135 or 30GF1- I+II

NFPA Code: H2; F3; R0
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0268 ETHYLBENZENE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.