International Chemical Safety Cards

1,2-DICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0250
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Ethylene dichloride
1,2-Ethylene dichloride
Ethane dichloride
ClCH2CH2Cl / C2H4Cl2
Molecular mass: 98.96
6 Poison placard 3 Flammable Liquid placard Marine Pollutant placard ICSC #    0250
CAS #     107-06-2
RTECS # KI0525000
UN #        1184
EC #         602-012-00-7
March 13, 1995 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Abdominal pain. Cough. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
Safety goggles face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal cramps. Diarrhoea. (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs , and other incompatible materials . See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Dry.
Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant.
Note: E
F symbol
T symbol
R: 45-11-22-36/37/38
S: 53-45
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
UN Packing Group: II
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0250 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

1,2-DICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0250
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS VISCOUS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS DARK ON EXPOSURE TO AIR, MOISTURE AND LIGHT.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride (ICSC 0163) and phosgene (ICSC 0007). Reacts violently with aluminium, alkali metals, alkali amides, ammonia, bases, strong oxidants. Attacks many metals in presence of water. Attacks plastic.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 10 ppm as TWA; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: skin absorption (H);
Carcinogen category: 2;
(DFG 2004).
OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm C 100 ppm 200 ppm 5-minute maximum peak in any 3 hours
NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 1 ppm (4 mg/m3) ST 2 ppm (8 mg/m3) See Appendix A See Appendix C (Chloroethanes)
NIOSH IDLH: Ca 50 ppm See: 107062


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The vapour is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract . Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, kidneys, liver , resulting in impaired functions.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. This substance is probably carcinogenic to humans.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 83.5°C
Melting point: -35.7°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.235
Solubility in water, g/100 ml: 0.87
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 8.7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.42
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.2
Flash point: 13°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 413°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 6.2-16
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.48
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30GTF1-II

NFPA Code: H 2; F 3; R 0;
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0250 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.