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1,1-DICHLOROETHANE

ICSC: 0249

Ethane, 1,1-dichloro-
Ethylidene chloride
CH3CHCl2
Molecular mass: 99.0
ICSC #    0249
CAS #     75-34-3
RTECS # KI0175000
UN #        2362
EC #         602-011-00-1
September 20, 1993 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

 •INHALATION Dizziness. Drowsiness. Dullness. Nausea. Unconsciousness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Dry skin. Roughness.
Protective gloves
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Burning sensation. (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fireproof. Separated from: see Chemical Dangers. Cool.

Marine pollutant.
F symbol
Xn symbol
R: 11-22-36/37-52/53
S: 2-16-23-61
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: II
ICSC: 0249 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

1,1-DICHLOROETHANE

ICSC: 0249

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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including phosgene (see ICSC 0007) and hydrogen chloride (see ICSC 0163). Reacts violently withstrong oxidants,alkali metalsand earth-alkali metals,powdered metals, causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks aluminium, iron and polyethylene. Contact with strong caustic will cause formation of flammable and toxic acetaldehyde gas.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 100 ppm as TWA; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 100 ppm, 410 mg/m3;
Peak limitation category: II(2); Pregnancy risk group: C;
(DFG 2006).
OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (400 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (400 mg/m3) See Appendix C (Chloroethanes)
NIOSH IDLH: 3000 ppm See: 75343


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure at high levels may result in unconsciousness.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the kidneys and liver.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 57°C
Melting point: -98°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 0.6
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 24
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.4
Flash point: -6°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 458°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 5.6-11.4
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.8

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding. Card has been partly updated in October 2005: see sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response. Card has been partly updated in October 2006: see sections Occupational Exposure Limits.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30GF1-I+II

NFPA Code: H 2; F 3; R 0;

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0249 1,1-DICHLOROETHANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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