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ARSENIC TRICHLORIDE

ICSC: 0221

Arsenic III chloride
Arsenous chloride
AsCl3
Molecular mass: 181.2
ICSC #    0221
CAS #     7784-34-1
RTECS # CG1750000
UN #        1560
EC #         033-002-00-5
October 04, 2000 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with water and metals.
In case of fire in the surroundings: NO water.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact withwater and metals.


EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Headache. Cough. Laboured breathing. Sore throat. (See Ingestion).
Closed system and ventilation.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety spectacles , face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable plastic containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in dry sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place.
Separated from food and feedstuffs . Cool. Dry. Ventilation along the floor.
Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant.
Note: A
T symbol
N symbol
R: 23/25-50/53
S: 1/2-20/21-28-45-60-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: I
ICSC: 0221 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

ARSENIC TRICHLORIDE

ICSC: 0221

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS , OILY , FUMING LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes of hydrogen chloride (see ICSC 0163) and arsenic oxides. Reacts violently with moist air or water to produce hydrogen chloride (see ICSC0163). Attacks many metals forming flammable/explosive gas (hydrogen - see ICSC 0001).

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 0.01 mg/m3 as TWA; A1 (confirmed human carcinogen); BEI issued; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK:
Carcinogen category: 1; Germ cell mutagen group: 3A;
(DFG 2004).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, central nervous system , resulting in severe gastroenteritis, loss of fluid, and electrolytes, cardiac disorders, shock, convulsions. Exposure above the OEL may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the mucous membranes, skin, peripheral nervous system, liver and bone marrow , resulting in pigmentation disorders, hyperkeratosis, perforation of nasal septum, neuropathy, liver impairment and anaemia. This substance is carcinogenic to humans. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes malformations in human babies.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 130.2°C
Melting point: -16°C
Density: 2.1
g/cm3
Solubility in water, g/100 ml:
reaction
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 1.17
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 6.3
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.06

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to soil , water organisms . It is strongly advised that this substance does not enter the environment.

N O T E S

The apparent melting point caused by loss of crystal water is given. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. Do NOT take working clothes home. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT4-I

NFPA Code: H 3; F 0; R 0;

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0221 ARSENIC TRICHLORIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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