International Chemical Safety Cards

AMMONIUM NITRATE ICSC: 0216
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Nitric acid, ammonium salt
NH4NO3
Molecular mass: 80.1
5.1 Oxidizer placard ICSC #    0216
CAS #     6484-52-2
RTECS # BR9050000
UN #        1942
March 15, 2001 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Explosive. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with combustibles or reducing agents.
Water in large amounts. NO other extinguishing agents. In case of fire in the surroundings: use flooding amounts of water in the early stages.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion under confinement and high temperatures.

Evacuate danger area! In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION Cough. Headache. Sore throat. See Ingestion.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness.
Protective gloves.
First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Blue lips or fingernails. Blue skin. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Vomiting. Weakness.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Sweep spilled substance into non-combustible containers. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.
Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from combustible and reducing substances. Dry.

UN Hazard Class: 5.1
UN Packing Group: III
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0216 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

AMMONIUM NITRATE ICSC: 0216
I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS , HYGROSCOPIC TO WHITE SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion. The substance decomposes on heating or producing toxic fumes ( nitrogen oxides .) The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract . The substance may cause effects on the blood , resulting in formation of methaemoglobin. Medical observation is indicated. The effects may be delayed.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Decomposes below boiling point at about 210C
Melting point: 170C
Density: 1.7
g/cm
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 190
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water quality.
N O T E S
Becomes shock-sensitive when mixed with organic materials. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See section Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-51S1942 or 51GO2-I+II+III

NFPA Code: H 2; F 0; R 3; OX
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0216 AMMONIUM NITRATE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.