International Chemical Safety Cards

1-CHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0132
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Ethyl chloride
Monochloroethane
C2H5Cl / CH3CH2Cl
Molecular mass: 64.5
(cylinder)
2 Flammable Gas placard ICSC #    0132
CAS #     75-00-3
RTECS # KH7525000
UN #        1037
EC #         602-009-00-0
October 04, 2000 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Shut off supply; if not possible and no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out; in other cases extinguish with powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Gas/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding) if in liquid state. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!

 •INHALATION Dizziness. Dullness. Headache. Abdominal cramps.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.
Cold-insulating gloves. Protective clothing.
ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Fireproof.
Special insulated cylinder. Special fittings.
F+ symbol
Xn symbol
R: 12-40-52/53
S: 2-9-16-33-36/37-61
UN Hazard Class: 2.1
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0132 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

1-CHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0132
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic gases ( hydrogen chloride - see ICSC 0163, phosgene - see ICSC 0007).

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 100 ppm as TWA; (skin); A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: skin absorption (H);
Carcinogen category: 3B;
(DFG 2004).
EU OEL: 268 mg/m; 1200 ppm as TWA (EU 2006).
OSHA PEL: TWA 1000 ppm (2600 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: Handle with caution in the workplace. See Appendix C (Chloroethanes)
NIOSH IDLH: 3800 ppm 10%LEL See: 75003


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is mildly irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract . Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system . Exposure far above the OEL may result in unconsciousness , cardiac dysrhythmia and death .

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 12.5C
Melting point: -138C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.918
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 0.574
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 133.3
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.22
Flash point:
-50C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 519C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.6-14.8
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.54
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding. Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state. Card has been partly updated in April 2005: see sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response. Card has been partly updated in October 2006: see section Occupational Exposure Limits.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-20S1037 or 20G2F

NFPA Code: H 2; F 4; R 0;
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0132 1-CHLOROETHANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.