International Chemical Safety Cards

BENZOIC ACID ICSC: 0103
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Benzenecarboxylic acid
Phenyl carboxylic acid
C7H6O2 / C6H5COOH
Molecular mass: 122.1
ICSC #    0103
CAS #     65-85-0
RTECS # DG0875000
October 20, 1999 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.
Prevent deposition of dust; closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Cough. Sore throat.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN Redness. Burning sensation. Itching.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into plastic containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Use face shield and (extra personal protection: protective clothing). Wash away remainder with plenty of water.


SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0103 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

BENZOIC ACID ICSC: 0103
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
WHITE CRYSTALS OR POWDER.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The solution in water is a weak acid. Reacts with oxidants .

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK: IIb (not established but data is available) (DFG 2005).


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause a non-allergic rash on contact.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 249C
Melting point: 122C (see Notes)
Density: 1.3
g/cm
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 0.29
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25C: 0.1
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.2
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1
Flash point: 121C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 570C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.87
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
The substance begins to sublime at 100C.
NFPA Code: H 2; F 1; R 0;
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0103 BENZOIC ACID
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.