International Chemical Safety Cards

ACRYLONITRILE ICSC: 0092
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Cyanoethylene
2-Propenenitrile
Vinyl cyanide
C3H3N / CH2=CHCN
Molecular mass: 53.1
6 Poison placard 3 Flammable Liquid placard ICSC #    0092
CAS #     107-13-1
RTECS # AT5250000
UN #        1093
EC #         608-003-00-4
March 13, 2001 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with strong base(s) and strong acid(s).
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with strong base(s) and strong acid(s).
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Weakness. Convulsions. Chest tightness.
Closed system and ventilation.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blisters. (Further see Inhalation).
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Abdominal pain. Vomiting. (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, food and feedstuffs . Cool. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor. Store only if stabilized.
Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Note: D and E
F symbol
T symbol
N symbol
R: 45-11-23/24/25-37/38-41-43-51/53
S: 9-16-53-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
UN Packing Group: I
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0092 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

ACRYLONITRILE ICSC: 0092
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS OR PALE YELLOW LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance polymerizes due to heating or under the influence of light and bases , causing fire and explosion hazard. The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes including hydrogen cyanide , nitrogen oxides . Reacts violently with strong acids , and strong oxidants . Attacks plastics and rubber.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 2 ppm as TWA; (skin); A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: skin absorption (H); sensitization of skin (Sh);
Carcinogen category: 2;
(DFG 2004).
OSHA PEL: 1910.1045 TWA 2 ppm C 10 ppm 15-minute skin
NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 1 ppm C 10 ppm 15-minute skin See Appendix A
NIOSH IDLH: Ca 85 ppm See: 107131


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance and the vapour is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract . The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system . Exposure far above the OEL may result in death. The effects may be delayed. See Notes. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and liver . This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 77°C
Melting point: -84°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 7
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 11.0
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.8
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.05
Flash point:
-1°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 481°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.0-17.0
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.25
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. Exposure to the substance will result in cyanide formation. Also consult ICSC of a cyanide salt, such as 0671. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Card has been partly updated in April 2005. See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1093

NFPA Code: H 4; F 3; R 2;
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0092 ACRYLONITRILE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.