International Chemical Safety Cards

1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0079
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Methyl chloroform
Methyltrichloromethane
alpha-Trichloroethane
C2H3Cl3 / CCl3CH3
Molecular mass: 133.4
6 Harmful - Stow Away from Foodstuffs placard 6 Poison placard ICSC #    0079
CAS #     71-55-6
RTECS # KJ2975000
UN #        2831
EC #         602-013-00-2
April 19, 2007 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. See Notes.

In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

 •INHALATION Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Nausea. Ataxia. Unconsciousness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Dry skin. Redness.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Nausea. Vomiting. Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Do NOT induce vomiting. Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable, suitable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Separated from food and feedstuffs and strong oxidants, aluminium , manganese and zinc . Cool. Dry. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Note: F
Xn symbol
N symbol
R: 20-59
S: 2-24/25-59-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: III
Signal: Warning
Excl mark-Health haz
Causes mild skin irritation
Causes eye irritation
May cause drowsiness or dizziness
May cause damage to cardiovascular system if inhaled
Harmful to aquatic life
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0079 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0079
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on burning, producing toxic and corrosive fumes . Reacts violently with aluminium and its alloys with magnesium, bases , strong oxidants , acetone, and zinc

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 350 ppm as TWA, 450 ppm as STEL; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); BEI issued (ACGIH 2006).
MAK: 200 ppm, 1100 mg/m³;
Peak limitation category: II(1);
skin absorption (H);
Pregnancy risk group: C;
(DFG 2006).
OSHA PEL: TWA 350 ppm (1900 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: C 350 ppm (1900 mg/m3) 15-minute See Appendix C (Chloroethanes)
NIOSH IDLH: 700 ppm See: 71556


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is mildly irritating to the eyes , the respiratory tract and the skin . The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , resulting in lowering of consciousness . Exposure at high levels may result in cardiac dysrhythmia.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 74°C
Melting point: -30°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.34
Solubility in water: (poor)
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 13.3
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.6
Flash point: see Notes
Auto-ignition temperature: 537°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 8-16
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.49
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
Combustible vapour/air mixtures difficult to ignite, may be developed under certain conditions. The substance burns only in excess oxygen or if a strong source of ignition is present. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S2831 or 61GTI-III

NFPA Code: H2; F1; R0
Card has been partially updated in February 2009: see Chemical Dangers.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0079 1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.