International Chemical Safety Cards

STYRENE ICSC: 0073
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Vinylbenzene
Phenylethylene
Ethenylbenzene
C8H8 / C6H5CHCH2
Molecular mass: 104.2
3 Flammable Liquid placard Marine Pollutant placard ICSC #    0073
CAS #     100-42-5
RTECS # WL3675000
UN #        2055
EC #         601-026-00-0
April 04, 2006 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Dry powder. Foam. Carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 31C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed. See Notes.
Above 31C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!

 •INHALATION Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting. Weakness. Unconsciousness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain.
Protective clothing. Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Nausea. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Rest.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place.
Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Keep in the dark. Store only if stabilized. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.
Airtight.
Marine pollutant.
Note: D
Xn symbol
R: 10-20-36/38
S: 2-23
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Packing Group: III
Signal: Danger
Flame-Excl mark-Health haz
Flammable liquid and vapour
Harmful if inhaled vapour
Causes skin irritation
Causes eye irritation
Suspected of causing cancer
Causes damage to central nervous system and liver through prolonged or repeated exposure
Toxic to aquatic life
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0073 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

STYRENE ICSC: 0073
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS TO YELLOW OILY LIQUID .

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance can form explosive peroxides. The substance may polymerize due to warming, under the influence of light , oxidants oxygen , and peroxides , causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts violently with strong acids , strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks rubber, copper and copper alloys.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 20 ppm as TWA; 40 ppm as STEL; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); BEI issued (ACGIH 2005).
MAK: 20 ppm, 86 mg/m;
Peak limitation category: II(2); Carcinogen category: 5; Pregnancy risk group: C; BAT issued;
(DFG 2006).
OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm C 200 ppm 600 ppm (5-minute maximum peak in any 3 hours)
NIOSH REL: TWA 50 ppm (215 mg/m3) ST 100 ppm (425 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: 700 ppm See: 100425


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure at high levels may result in unconsciousness.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system. Exposure to the substance may enhance hearing damage caused by exposure to noise. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans. See Notes.
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 145C
Melting point: -30.6C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.91
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 0.03
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 0.67
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.02
Flash point: 31C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 490C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.9-6.8
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.0
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised that this substance does not enter the environment.
N O T E S
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Check for peroxides prior to distillation; eliminate if found. Styrene monomer vapours are uninhibited and may form polymers in vents or flame arresters of storage tanks, resulting in blockage of vents. Do NOT take working clothes home.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S2055; 30GF1-III-9
NFPA Code: H 2; F 3; R 2;
Card has been partially updated in 2007: see Occupational Exposure Limits, Fire fighting.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0073 STYRENE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.