International Chemical Safety Cards

PHENOL ICSC: 0070
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Carbolic acid
Phenic acid
Hydroxybenzene
C6H6O / C6H5OH
Molecular mass: 94.1
6 Poison placard ICSC #    0070
CAS #     108-95-2
RTECS # SJ3325000
UN #        1671
EC #         604-001-00-2
October 15, 2001 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames. NO contact with strong oxidants.
Alcohol-resistant foam, powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 79°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 79°C use a closed system, ventilation.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Sore throat. Burning sensation. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Unconsciousness. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
Avoid inhalation of fine dust and mist. Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN EASILY ABSORBED. Serious skin burns. Numbness. Convulsion. Collapse. Coma. Death.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. To remove substance use polyethylene glycol 300 or vegetable oil. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
 •EYES Pain. Redness. Permanent loss of vision. Severe deep burns.
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION Corrosive. Abdominal pain. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse. Sore throat. Smoky, greenish-dark urine.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs . Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
T symbol
C symbol
R: 23/24/25-34-48/20/21/22-68
S: 1/2-24/25-26-28-36/37/39-45
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Packing Group: II
SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0070 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

PHENOL ICSC: 0070
I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS TO YELLOW OR LIGHT PINK CRYSTALS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:


CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed. The solution in water is a weak acid. Reacts with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 5 ppm as TWA; (skin); A4; BEI issued; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: H;
Carcinogen category: 3B; Germ cell mutagen group: 3B
(DFG 2009).
OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (19 mg/m3) skin
NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (19 mg/m3) C 15.6 ppm (60 mg/m3) 15-minute skin
NIOSH IDLH: 250 ppm See: 108952


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body rapidly by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance and the vapour is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , heart and kidneys , resulting in convulsions, coma, cardiac disorders respiratory failure, collapse. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys .
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 182°C
Melting point: 43°C
Density: 1.06
g/cm³
Solubility in water:
moderate
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 47
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.2
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.001
Flash point: 79°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 715°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.36-10
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.46
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA
Environmental Hazard placard The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
N O T E S
Other UN numbers: 2312 (molten); 2821 (solution). Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1671

NFPA Code: H 3; F 2; R 0;
Card has been partially updated in October 2004: see Occupational Exposure Limits, EU Classification, Emergency Response.
Card has been partially updated in April 2010: see Occupational Exposure Limits, Ingestion First Aid, Storage.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0070 PHENOL
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.