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1,1,2-TRICHLORO-1,2,2-TRIFLUOROETHANE

ICSC: 0050

Trichlorotrifluoroethane
CFC 113
R 113
C2Cl3F3 / Cl2FCCClF2
Molecular mass: 187.4
ICSC #    0050
CAS #     76-13-1
RTECS # KJ4000000
March 07, 2002 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


 •INHALATION Cardiac arrhythmia. Confusion. Drowsiness. Unconsciousness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles .
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus.
Separated from metals and alloys. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Ventilation along the floor.

ICSC: 0050 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

1,1,2-TRICHLORO-1,2,2-TRIFLUOROETHANE

ICSC: 0050

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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS VOLATILE LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming toxic and corrosive gases (hydrogen chloride ICSC 0163, phosgene ICSC 0007, hydrogen fluoride ICSC 0283, carbonyl fluoride ICSC 0633). Reacts violently with powdered metals causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks magnesium and its alloys.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 1000 ppm as TWA; 1250 ppm as STEL; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 500 ppm, 3900 mg/m3;
Peak limitation category: II(2); Pregnancy risk group: D;
(DFG 2006).
OSHA PEL: TWA 1000 ppm (7600 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 1000 ppm (7600 mg/m3) ST 1250 ppm (9500 mg/m3)
NIOSH IDLH: 2000 ppm See: 76131


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
On loss of containment this liquid evaporates very quickly displacing the air and causing a serious risk of suffocation when in confined areas.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes . The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system and central nervous system , resulting in cardiac disorders and central nervous system depression. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness. See Notes.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 48°C
Melting point: -36°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.56
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 0.02
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 36
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 6.5
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 3.0
Auto-ignition temperature: 680°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.30

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to its impact on the ozone layer.

N O T E S

High concentrations in the air cause a deficiency of oxygen with the risk of unconsciousness or death. Check oxygen content before entering area. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding. Freon 113, Frigen 113, Halon 113 are trade names.
Card has been partially updated in July 2007: see Occupational Exposure Limits.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0050 1,1,2-TRICHLORO-1,2,2-TRIFLUOROETHANE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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