International Chemical Safety Cards

CHROMIUM ICSC: 0029
World Health Organization (WHO) International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) European Commission National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Chrome
Cr
Atomic mass: 52.0
(powder)
ICSC #    0029
CAS #     7440-47-3
RTECS # GB4200000
October 27, 2004 Validated
TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible under specific conditions.
No open flames if in powder form.
In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION
Prevent deposition of dust; closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.

EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

 •INHALATION Cough.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
 •SKIN
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
 •EYES Redness.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles.


SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ICSC: 0029 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

International Chemical Safety Cards

CHROMIUM ICSC: 0029
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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
GREY POWDER

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Chromium is a catalytic substance and may cause reaction in contact with many organic and inorganic substances , causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: (as Cr metal, Cr(III) compounds) 0.5 mg/m³ as TWA; A4; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK not established.
OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m3 See Appendix C *Note: The PEL also applies to insoluble chromium salts.
NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 See Appendix C
NIOSH IDLH: 250 mg/m3 (as Cr) See: 7440473


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:


INHALATION RISK:
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
May cause mechanical irritation tothe eyesandthe respiratory tract.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 2642°C
Melting point: 1900°C
Density: 7.15
g/cm³
Solubility in water:
none
ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S
The surface of the chromium particles is oxidized to chromium(III)oxide in air. See ICSC 1531 Chromium(III) oxide.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


ICSC: 0029 CHROMIUM
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.