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CARBON DISULFIDE

ICSC: 0022

Carbon disulphide
Carbon bisulfide
Carbon sulfide
CS2
Molecular mass: 76.1
ICSC #    0022
CAS #     75-15-0
RTECS # FF6650000
UN #        1131
EC #         006-003-00-3
April 10, 2000 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Highly flammable. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Weakness. Irritability. Hallucination.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin. Redness. (Further see Inhalation).
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Remove all ignition sources. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fireproof. Separated from oxidants , food and feedstuffs . Cool. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.
Airtight. Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
F symbol
T symbol
R: 11-36/38-48/23-62-63
S: 1/2-16-33-36/37-45
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
UN Packing Group: I
ICSC: 0022 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

CARBON DISULFIDE

ICSC: 0022

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PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion. May explode on heating. The substance may ignite spontaneously on contact with hot surfaces with air producing toxic fumes of sulphur dioxide (see ICSC 0074). Reacts violently with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastic, rubber and coating.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 10 ppm; (skin); Intended change. BEI issued; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 5 ppm, 16 mg/m3; skin absorption (H);
Peak limitation category: II(2); Pregnancy risk group: B;
(DFG 2007).
Track 08-2006
OSHA PEL: TWA 20 ppm C 30 ppm 100 ppm (30-minute maximum peak)
NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm (3 mg/m3) ST 10 ppm (30 mg/m3) skin
NIOSH IDLH: 500 ppm See: 75150


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system . Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness. Exposure between 200 and 500 ppm could cause death.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the cardiovascular system and nervous system , resulting in coronary heart disease and severe neurobehavioural effects, polyneuritis, psychoses. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects upon human reproduction.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 46°C
Melting point: -111°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.26
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 0.2
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 48
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.63
Flash point: -30°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 90°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1-50
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.84

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.

N O T E S

Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. Card has been partly updated in October 2004. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1131

NFPA Code: H 3; F 4; R 0;

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0022 CARBON DISULFIDE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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