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PHOSGENE

ICSC: 0007

Carbonyl chloride
Chloroformyl chloride
COCl2
Molecular mass: 98.9
(cylinder)
ICSC #    0007
CAS #     75-44-5
RTECS # SY5600000
UN #        1076
EC #         006-002-00-8
August 10, 2002 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Not combustible.

In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: cool cylinder by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
 •INHALATION Burning sensation. Tightness in the chest. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
Closed system and ventilation.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
 •SKIN Redness. Pain. ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.
Cold-insulating gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
 •EYES Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
 •INGESTION


SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Remove gas with fine water spray. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Fireproof if in building. Isolated from work area. Separated from incompatible materials . See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Dry.

Note: 5
T+ symbol
R: 26-34
S: 1/2-9-26-36/37/39-45
UN Hazard Class: 2.3
UN Subsidiary Risks: 8
ICSC: 0007 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

PHOSGENE

ICSC: 0007

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T


D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating above 300°C, on contact with water and moisture , producing toxic and corrosive gases ( carbon monoxide and hydrogen chloride ). Reacts with aluminium, isopropyl alcohol.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 0.1 ppm as TWA; (ACGIH 2002).
EU OEL: 0.02 ppm, 0.08 mg/m3, as TWA; 0.1 ppm, 0.4 mg/m3, as STEL; (EU 2002).
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.4 mg/m3)
NIOSH REL: TWA 0.1 ppm (0.4 mg/m3) C 0.2 ppm (0.8 mg/m3) 15-minute
NIOSH IDLH: 2 ppm See: 75445


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes , the skin and the respiratory tract . Inhalation of this gas may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The effects may be delayed. Exposure at high levels may result in death. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Boiling point: 8°C
Melting point: -118°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.4
Solubility in water: reaction
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 161.6
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.4

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA


N O T E S

The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation is therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Do NOT spray water on leaking cylinder (to prevent corrosion of cylinder). Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state.
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-20S1076

NFPA Code: H4; F0; R1;
Card has been partially updated in January 2008: see Occupational Exposure Limits.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION



ICSC: 0007 PHOSGENE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
 
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