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December 2004
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 2005-110

Specific Medical Tests or Examinations Published in the Literature for OSHA-Regulated Substances

Toluene
CAS No: 108-88-3


NOTE:

(1) Efficacy of Medical Tests has not been evaluated.
(2) NIOSH references include diagnostic, screening, and other tests.
(3) OSHA mandated medical tests, if any, are provided in BOLD on a yellow background.
(4) This HTML page was created from DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2005-110. December 2004.
(5) If a medical test/examination contains multiple references, each is listed separately.

Editor(s)
/Author(s)
Specific Medical Test(s) or Examination(s) Reference(s)

Baselt RC.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)

Biological Monitoring Methods for Industrial Chemicals. 3rd Edition. Chemical Toxicology Institute,1997.

Kneip TJ, Crable JV.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)

Methods for Biological Monitoring -A Manual for Assessing Human Exposure to Hazardous Substances. Am Public Health Association. 1988.

Ho MH, Dillon HK.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)

Biological Monitoring of Exposure to Chemicals. Organic Compounds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1987.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)

NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods. 4th Edition. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-113.

Lauwerys RR, Hoet P.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)
  • End-Of-Shift


Industrial Chemical Exposure. Guidelines for Biological Monitoring. 3rd Edition. Lewis Publishers. CRC Press, Inc. 2001.

LaDou J, ed.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)
  • End-Of-Shift


Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 2nd Edition. Appleton and Lange. 1997.

Fiserova-Bergerova V, Vlach J.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)
  • End-Of-Shift


Timing of sample collection for biological monitoring of occupational exposure. Ann Occup Hyg 41/3:345-353, 1997.

Fiserova-Bergerova V, Vlach J.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)
  • End of Workweek


Timing of sample collection for biological monitoring of occupational exposure. Ann Occup Hyg 41/3:345-353, 1997.

ACGIH.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)
  • Prior to Last Shift of Workweek


2004 Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. ACGIH Worldwide. 2004.

Linch AL.

Expired Air
Biological Monitoring for Industrial Chemical Exposure Control. CRC Press. 1974.

Lauwerys RR, Hoet P.

Expired Air

Industrial Chemical Exposure. Guidelines for Biological Monitoring. 3rd Edition. Lewis Publishers. CRC Press, Inc. 2001.

Kneip TJ, Crable JV.

Expired Air

Methods for Biological Monitoring -A Manual for Assessing Human Exposure to Hazardous Substances. Am Public Health Association. 1988.

Ho MH, Dillon HK.

Expired Air

Biological Monitoring of Exposure to Chemicals. Organic Compounds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1987.

ACGIH.

Expired Air

2004 Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. ACGIH Worldwide. 2004.

Baselt RC.

Expired Air
  • During Exposure


Biological Monitoring Methods for Industrial Chemicals. 3rd Edition. Chemical Toxicology Institute,1997.

LaDou J, ed.

Expired Air
  • During Exposure


Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 2nd Edition. Appleton and Lange. 1997.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH and US DOL OSHA.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 81-123; 88-118; Suppls. I-IV. 1981-1995.

Baselt RC.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)

Biological Monitoring Methods for Industrial Chemicals. 3rd Edition. Chemical Toxicology Institute,1997.

Lauwerys RR, Hoet P.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)

Industrial Chemical Exposure. Guidelines for Biological Monitoring. 3rd Edition. Lewis Publishers. CRC Press, Inc. 2001.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)

Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

Kneip TJ, Crable JV.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)

Methods for Biological Monitoring -A Manual for Assessing Human Exposure to Hazardous Substances. Am Public Health Association. 1988.

Ho MH, Dillon HK.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)

Biological Monitoring of Exposure to Chemicals. Organic Compounds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1987.

Ho MH, Dillon HK.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • End-Of-Shift


Biological Monitoring of Exposure to Chemicals. Organic Compounds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1987.

ACGIH.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • End-Of-Shift


2004 Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. ACGIH Worldwide. 2004.

LaDou J, ed.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • End-Of-Shift


Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 2nd Edition. Appleton and Lange. 1997.

Fiserova-Bergerova V, Vlach J.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • End-Of-Shift


Timing of sample collection for biological monitoring of occupational exposure. Ann Occup Hyg 41/3:345-353, 1997.

LaDou J, ed.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • Last 4 Hours of 8-Hour Exposure


Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 2nd Edition. Appleton and Lange. 1997.

Lauwerys RR, Hoet P.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • 16 Hours after End of Exposure


Industrial Chemical Exposure. Guidelines for Biological Monitoring. 3rd Edition. Lewis Publishers. CRC Press, Inc. 2001.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH and US DOL OSHA.

Urinalysis (routine)
NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 81-123; 88-118; Suppls. I-IV. 1981-1995.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Urinalysis (routine)

Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

 

 
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