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December 2004
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 2005-110

Specific Medical Tests or Examinations Published in the Literature for OSHA-Regulated Substances

Cobalt metal, dust, and fume
CAS No: 7440-48-4


NOTE:

(1) Efficacy of Medical Tests has not been evaluated.
(2) NIOSH references include diagnostic, screening, and other tests.
(3) OSHA mandated medical tests, if any, are provided in BOLD on a yellow background.
(4) This HTML page was created from DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2005-110. December 2004.
(5) If a medical test/examination contains multiple references, each is listed separately.

Editor(s)
/Author(s)
Specific Medical Test(s) or Examination(s) Reference(s)

Linch AL.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)
Biological Monitoring for Industrial Chemical Exposure Control. CRC Press. 1974.

Lauwerys RR, Hoet P.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)

Industrial Chemical Exposure. Guidelines for Biological Monitoring. 3rd Edition. Lewis Publishers. CRC Press, Inc. 2001.

Kneip TJ, Crable JV.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)

Methods for Biological Monitoring -A Manual for Assessing Human Exposure to Hazardous Substances. Am Public Health Association. 1988.

ACGIH.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)

2004 Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. ACGIH Worldwide. 2004.

Clarkson TW, Friberg L, Nordberg GF, Sager PR.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)

Biological Monitoring of Toxic Metals. Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1988.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)

NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods. 4th Edition. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-113.

Fiserova-Bergerova V, Vlach J.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)
  • End-Of-Shift


Timing of sample collection for biological monitoring of occupational exposure. Ann Occup Hyg 41/3:345-353, 1997.

ACGIH.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)
  • End of Shift at End of Workweek


2004 Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. ACGIH Worldwide. 2004.

Fiserova-Bergerova V, Vlach J.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)
  • End of Workweek


Timing of sample collection for biological monitoring of occupational exposure. Ann Occup Hyg 41/3:345-353, 1997.

Lauwerys RR, Hoet P.

Blood Serum

Industrial Chemical Exposure. Guidelines for Biological Monitoring. 3rd Edition. Lewis Publishers. CRC Press, Inc. 2001.

Kneip TJ, Crable JV.

Biologic Tissue/Biopsy

Methods for Biological Monitoring -A Manual for Assessing Human Exposure to Hazardous Substances. Am Public Health Association. 1988.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH and US DOL OSHA.

Chest X-ray
NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 81-123; 88-118; Suppls. I-IV. 1981-1995.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Chest X-ray

Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH and US DOL OSHA.

Pulmonary Function Tests
  • Forced Vital Capacity
  • Forced Expiratory Volume (1 sec)

NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 81-123; 88-118; Suppls. I-IV. 1981-1995.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Pulmonary Function Tests
  • Forced Vital Capacity
  • Forced Expiratory Volume (1 sec)


Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

Lauwerys RR, Hoet P.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)

Industrial Chemical Exposure. Guidelines for Biological Monitoring. 3rd Edition. Lewis Publishers. CRC Press, Inc. 2001.

Kneip TJ, Crable JV.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)

Methods for Biological Monitoring -A Manual for Assessing Human Exposure to Hazardous Substances. Am Public Health Association. 1988.

Clarkson TW, Friberg L, Nordberg GF, Sager PR.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)

Biological Monitoring of Toxic Metals. Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1988.

Fiserova-Bergerova V, Vlach J.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • End-Of-Shift


Timing of sample collection for biological monitoring of occupational exposure. Ann Occup Hyg 41/3:345-353, 1997.

Baselt RC.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • End of Shift at End of Workweek


Biological Monitoring Methods for Industrial Chemicals. 3rd Edition. Chemical Toxicology Institute,1997.

ACGIH.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • End of Shift at End of Workweek


2004 Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. ACGIH Worldwide. 2004.

Fiserova-Bergerova V, Vlach J.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)
  • End of Workweek


Timing of sample collection for biological monitoring of occupational exposure. Ann Occup Hyg 41/3:345-353, 1997.

 

 
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