CDC logo, Safer Healthier People  CDC HomeCDC SearchCDC Health Topics A-Z
NIOSH - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Search NIOSH  |  NIOSH Home  |  NIOSH Topics  |  Site Index  |  Databases and Information Resources  |  NIOSH Products  |  Contact Us






Lead monoxide

RTECS #: OG1750000

CAS #: 1317-36-8


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 223.19 MF: OPb


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA:
  3. MUTATION DATA:
  4. REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA:
  5. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  6. OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA:
  7. REVIEWS:
  8. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  9. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  10. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  11. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. C.I. 77577
  2. C.I. Pigment Yellow 46
  3. Lead Oxide Yellow
  4. Lead monooxide
  5. Lead oxide
  6. Lead protoxide
  1. Lead (II) oxide
  2. Litharge
  3. Litharge Pure
  4. Litharge Yellow L - 28
  5. Plumbous oxide
  6. Yellow Lead Ocher


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
skin
rabbit
100 mg/24 hour mild AEHLAU 30,168,1975


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
morphological transform hamster embryo 50 µmol/L CNREA8 39,193,1979


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 1,750 mg/kg (5 week male) Reproductive: Paternal effects: Spermatogenesis (including genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count)

Reproductive: Paternal effects: Testes, epididymis, sperm duct
TOLED5 115,1,2000


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
intraperitoneal
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 217 mg/kg N/R VCVN1* -,426,1988
intraperitoneal
rat
lowest published lethal dose: 430 mg/kg Blood: Other changes INMEAF 10,15,1941
oral
dog
lowest published lethal dose: 1,400 mg/kg N/R HBAMAK 4,1289,1935


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
rat
lowest published toxic concentration: 10 µg/m3/24 hour/22 week- continuous Brain and Coverings: Recordings from specific areas of CNS

Blood: Changes in bone marrow not included in above

Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: True cholinesterase
GISAAA 43(6),96,1978


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Pb)/m3 DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Animal Inadequate Evidence IMEMDT 23,325,1980
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
85DHAX Pb,254,1972


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Occupational Exposure Limit - ARAB Republic of Egypt time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Pb)/m3, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA time-weighted average 0.15 mg(Pb)/m3 (dust, fume), JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 0.15 mg(Pb)/m3 (dust, fume), MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - DENMARK time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Pb)/m3, OCT 2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - EC time-weighted average 0.15 mg(Pb)/m3, APR 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - FINLAND time-weighted average 0.1 mg(Pb)/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - FRANCE VME 0.1 mg(Pb)/m3, FEB2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - HUNGARY time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Pb)/m3, short term exposure limit 0.2 mg(Pb)/m3 (resp), SEP2000
Occupational Exposure Limit - HUNGARY time-weighted average 0.15 mg(Pb)/m3, short term exposure limit 0.6 mg(Pb)/m3, SEP2000
Occupational Exposure Limit - JAPAN Occupational Exposure Limit 0.1 mg(Pb)/m3, 2B carcinogen, APR2007
Occupational Exposure Limit - MEXICO time-weighted average 0.15 mg(Pb)/m3, 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 0.1 mg(Pb)/m3 (dust and fume), JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - NORWAY time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Pb)/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE PHILIPPINES time-weighted average 0.15 mg(Pb)/m3, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - POLAND MAC(time-weighted average) 0.05 mg(Pb)/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - RUSSIA time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Pb)/m3, JUN2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWEDEN time-weighted average 0.1 mg(Pb)/m3 (total dust);
time-weighted average 0.5 mg(Pb)/m3 (resp. dust), JUN2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWITZERLAND MAK- week 0.1 mg(Pb)/m3;
KZG- week 0.8 mg(Pb)/m3, DEC2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - THAILAND time-weighted average 0.2 mg(Pb)/m3, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - TURKEY time-weighted average 0.2 mg(Pb)/m3, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit IN ARGENTINA, BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value;

time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Pb)/m3
Occupational Exposure Limit IN SINGAPORE, VIETNAM American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Pb)/m3


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO LEAD, INORGANIC-air 10 hour time-weighted average <0.1 mg(Pb)/m3 NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: M0125;
Number of Industries 35;
Total Number of Facilities 1,613;
Number of Occupations 37;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 23,488
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: M0125;
Number of Industries 40;
Total Number of Facilities 2,531;
Number of Occupations 47;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 59,832;
Total Number of Female Employees Exposed 19,722


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Positive: Cell transform.-SA7/SHE
EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
Used in manufacturing of storage batteries, ceramic products, paints and rubber
NIOSH Analytical Method, 1994: Lead, by flame AAS, 7082; or by HGAAS, 7105
NTP 11th Report on Carcinogens,2004:Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

85DHAX "Medical and Biologic Effects of Environmental Pollutants Series," Washington, DC, National Academy of Sciences, 1972-77
AEHLAU Archives of Environmental Health. (Heldref Pub., 4000 Albemarle St., NW, Washington, DC 20016) V.1- 1960-
CNREA8 Cancer Research. (Public Ledger Building, Suit 816, 6th & Chestnut Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19106) V.1- 1941-
DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
GISAAA Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1- 1936-
HBAMAK "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." (Leipzig, Ger. Dem. Rep.)
IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) V.1- 1972-
INMEAF Industrial Medicine. (Chicago, IL) V.1-18, 1932-49. For publisher information, see IOHSA5.
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
TOLED5 Toxicology Letters. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 1977-
VCVN1* "Vrednie chemichescie veshestva. Neorganicheskie soedinenia elementov I-IV groopp" (Hazardous substances. Inornanic substances containing I-IV group elements), Filov V.A., Chimia, 1988.

Used in manufacturing of storage batteries, ceramic products, paints and rubber

RTECS Compound Description:
   Tumorigen
   Mutagen
   Reproductive Effector
   Primary Irritant

Click Here for Additional Information about RTECS

NIOSH Home |  NIOSH Search  |  Site Index  |  Topic List |  Contact Us