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Calcium cyanide

RTECS #: EW0700000

CAS #: 592-01-8


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 92.12 MF: C2CaN2


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  3. REVIEWS:
  4. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  5. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  6. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  7. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. Calcid
  2. Calcium cyanide (ACGIH)
  3. Calcyan
  4. Calcyanide
  1. Cyanogas
  2. Cyanure de calcium (French)
  3. RCRA waste number P021


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
N/R N/R N/R N/R


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
oral
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 39 mg/kg N/R AIHAAP 30,470,1969


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value time-weighted average 5 mg(CN)/m3 (skin) DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
HUTOX* -,661,1996


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC 54,7740,1989
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) 1998 STATUS OF PESTICIDES: Cancelled RBREV* -,257,1998
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA time-weighted average 5 mg(CN)/m3, JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM short term exposure limit 5 mg/m3, Skin, MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - DENMARK ceiling concentration 5 mg(CN)/m3, OCT 2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - GERMANY MAK 2 mg(CN)/m3 (inhalable), 2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - HUNGARY time-weighted average 5 mg(CN)/m3, short term exposure limit 20 mg(CN)/m3, Skin, SEP2000
Occupational Exposure Limit - JAPAN Occupational Exposure Limit- continuous 5 mg(CN)/m3, skin, group 1 carcinogen, APR2007
Occupational Exposure Limit - KOREA time-weighted average 5 mg(CN)/m3, skin, 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - MEXICO time-weighted average 5 mg(CN)/m3, 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 5 mg(CN)/m3, skin, JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWEDEN ceiling concentration 5 mg (CN)/m3, Skin, JUN2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - UNITED KINGDOM time-weighted average 5 mg(CN)/m3 (skin), 2005


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO CYANIDE-air ceiling concentration 4.7 ppm(CN)/10 minute NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: M2865;
Number of Industries 2;
Total Number of Facilities 287;
Number of Occupations 2;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 12,607
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: M2865;
Number of Industries 2;
Total Number of Facilities 242;
Number of Occupations 2;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 3,606


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

ATSDR TOXICOLOGY PROFILE (NTIS** PB/98/101207/AS)
EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
Used as raw material for production of nitrogenous compounds and in treatment of alcoholism
On EPA IRIS database


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

AIHAAP American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. (AIHA, 475 Wolf Ledges Pkwy., Akron, OH 44311) V.19- 1958-
DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936-
HUTOX*
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
RBREV* Status of Pesticides in Registration, Reregistration, and Special Review (Rainbow Report), Special Review and Reregistration Division Office of Pesticide Programs U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M. Street, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20460, Spring 1998

Used as raw material for production of nitrogenous compounds and in treatment of alcoholism

RTECS Compound Description:
   Agricultural Chemical

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