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Cadmium sulfide

RTECS #: EV3150000

CAS #: 1306-23-6


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 144.46 MF: CdS


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. MUTATION DATA:
  3. TUMORIGENIC DATA:
  4. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  5. REVIEWS:
  6. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  7. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  8. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  9. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. C.P. Golden Yellow 55
  2. Cadmium monosulfide
  3. Cadmium golden 366
  4. Cadmium lemon Yellow 527
  5. Cadmium Orange
  6. Cadmium primrose 819
  7. Cadmium sulphide
  8. Cadmium Yellow
  9. Cadmium Yellow 000
  10. Cadmium Yellow 892
  11. Cadmium Yellow Conc. Deep
  12. Cadmium Yellow Conc. Golden
  13. Cadmium Yellow Conc. Lemon
  14. Cadmium Yellow Conc. Primrose
  1. Cadmium Yellow 10G Conc
  2. Cadmium Yellow OZ Dark
  3. Cadmium Yellow Primrose 47 - 4100
  4. Cadmopur Golden Yellow N
  5. Cadmopur Yellow
  6. Capsebon
  7. Ferro Lemon Yellow
  8. Ferro Orange Yellow
  9. Ferro Yellow
  10. GSK
  11. Greenockite
  12. NCI - C02711
  13. PC 108
  14. Primrose 1466


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
cytogenetic analysis human leukocyte 62 g/L PJACAW 48,133,1972
DNA damage hamster ovary 10 mg/L CRNGDP 3,657,1982
morphological transform hamster embryo 1 mg/L CNREA8 42,2757,1982


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
intramuscular
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 120 mg/kg Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Tumorigenic: Tumors at site of application
BJCAAI 20,190,1966
subcutaneous
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 90 mg/kg Tumorigenic: Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria

Tumorigenic: Tumors at site of application
BJCAAI 20,190,1966
subcutaneous
rat
toxic dose : 135 mg/kg Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Tumorigenic: Tumors at site of application
PBPHAW 14,47,1978
subcutaneous
rat
toxic dose : 250 mg/kg Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Blood: Lymphoma including Hodgkin's disease

Tumorigenic: Tumors at site of application
NATUAS 198,1213,1963


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
rat
lethal concentration : >140 mg/m3/2 hour N/R NTIS** OTS0539392
oral
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 1,166 mg/kg N/R 41HTAH -,14,1978
oral
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 7,080 mg/kg N/R 41HTAH -,14,1978


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
N/R
N/R N/R N/R


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value time-weighted average 0.002 mg(Cd)/m3 (respirable) DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value Suspected human carcinogen DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Animal Sufficient Evidence IMEMDT 2,74,1973
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Animal Sufficient Evidence IMEMDT 11,39,1976
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Animal Sufficient Evidence IMEMDT 58,119,1993
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Human Sufficient Evidence IMEMDT 58,119,1993
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Group 1 IMEMDT 58,119,1993
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
FCTXAV 9,105,1971
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
ENTOX* -,375,2005
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
HBTME* ,445,2007
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
HUTOX* -,515,1996


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) STANDARD - air time-weighted average 0.2 mg(Cd)/m3 DTLVS* 3,34,1971
Occupational Exposure Limit - ARAB Republic of Egypt time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Cd)/m3, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA time-weighted average 0.01 mg(Cd)/m3, JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRIA TRK 0.015 mg(Cd)/m3 (inhalable), JAN 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRIA TRK 0.03 mg(Cd)/m3 (inhalable), JAN 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 0.002 mg(Cd)/m3 (resp. dust), Carcinogen, MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 0.01 mg(Cd)/m3 (inhal. dust), Carcinogen, MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - DENMARK time-weighted average 0.005 mg(Cd)/m3 (fume, dust), OCT 2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - FINLAND time-weighted average 0.02 mg(Cd)/m3, Carcinogen, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - FRANCE VME 0.05 mg(Cd)/m3, FEB2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - HUNGARY time-weighted average 0.015 mg(Cd)/m3, short term exposure limit 0.06 mg(Cd)/m3, SEP2000
Occupational Exposure Limit - JAPAN Occupational Exposure Limit 0.05 mg(Cd)/m3, group 1 carcinogen, APR2007
Occupational Exposure Limit - KOREA time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Cd)/m3, 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - MEXICO time-weighted average 0.002 mg(Cd)/m3 (inhalable), 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - MEXICO time-weighted average 0.01 mg(Cd)/m3 (total dust), 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE NETHERLANDS MAC-TGG 0.005 mg(Cd)/m3, 2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 0.01 mg(Cd)/m3 (inspirable dust), JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 0.002 mg(Cd)/m3 (respirable dust), JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - NORWAY time-weighted average 0.05 mg(Cd)/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE PHILIPPINES time-weighted average 0.2 mg(Cd)/m3, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - POLAND MAC(time-weighted average) dust 0.04 mg(Cd)/m3, MAC(short term exposure limit) dust 0.2 mg(Cd)/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - POLAND MAC(time-weighted average) fume 0.02 mg(Cd)/m3, MAC(short term exposure limit) fume 0.05 mg(Cd)/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - RUSSIA time-weighted average 0.01 mg(Cd)/m3, short term exposure limit 0.05 mg(Cd)/m3, Carcinogen, JUN2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWEDEN time-weighted average 0.02 mg(Cd)/m3 (total dust), Carcinogen, JUN2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWEDEN time-weighted average 0.005 mg(Cd)/m3 (resp. dust), JUN2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWITZERLAND MAK- week 0.015 mg(Cd)/m3, Carcinogen, DEC2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - THAILAND time-weighted average 0.2 mg(Cd)/m3, short term exposure limit 0.5 mg(Cd)/m3, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - TURKEY time-weighted average 0.2 mg(Cd)/m3, JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - UNITED KINGDOM time-weighted average 0.025 mg(Cd)/m3, 2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - UNITED KINGDOM time-weighted average 0.03 mg(Cd)/m3 (respirable), 2005
Occupational Exposure Limit IN ARGENTINA, BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value;

Suspected human carcinogen
Occupational Exposure Limit IN SINGAPORE, VIETNAM American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
Suspected human carcinogen


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO CADMIUM, dust and fume-air Carcinogen lowest feasible conc. NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: 83628;
Number of Industries 29;
Total Number of Facilities 1,041;
Number of Occupations 41;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 19,293
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: 83628;
Number of Industries 32;
Total Number of Facilities 1,625;
Number of Occupations 38;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 42,562;
Total Number of Female Employees Exposed 16,685


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Positive: Carcinogenicity-mouse/rat
EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Positive: In vitro cytogenetics-human lymphocyte
EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
Used in pigments and as an active ingredient of shampoos
EPA TSCA Section 8(d) unpublished health/safety studies
EPA TSCA TEST SUBMISSION (TSCATS) DATA BASE, JANUARY 2001
NTP 11th Report on Carcinogens,2004:Known to be human carcinogen


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

41HTAH "Aktual'nye Problemy Gigieny Truda. Current Problems of Labor Hygiene," Tarasenko, N.Y., ed., Moscow, Pervyi Moskovskii Meditsinskii Inst., 1978
BJCAAI British Journal of Cancer. (Macmillan Press Ltd., Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hants. RG21 2XS, UK) V.1- 1947-
CNREA8 Cancer Research. (Public Ledger Building, Suit 816, 6th & Chestnut Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19106) V.1- 1941-
CRNGDP Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House, Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK) V.1- 1980-
DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
ENTOX* Encyclopedia of Toxicology: Reference Book, Elsevier, 2005
FCTXAV Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. (London, UK) V.1-19, 1963-81. For publisher information, see FCTOD7.
HBTME*
HUTOX*
IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) V.1- 1972-
NATUAS Nature. (Nature Subscription Dept., POB 1018, Manasguan, NJ 08736) V.1- 1869-
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
NTIS** National Technical Information Service. (Springfield, VA 22161) Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information.
PBPHAW Progress in Biochemical Pharmacology. (S. Karger AG, Postfach CH-4009 Basel, Switzerland) V.1- 1965-
PJACAW Proceedings of the Japan Academy. (Tokyo, Japan) V.21-53, 1945-77. For publisher information, see PJABDW.

Used in pigments and as an active ingredient of shampoos

NIOSH PROFILE (HAIRDRESSING and BARBERS), SRC, 6/80

RTECS Compound Description:
   Tumorigen
   Mutagen
   Human Data

ALT CAS #: 106496-20-2
Click Here for Additional Information about RTECS

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