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Benzene, p - dichloro -

RTECS #: CZ4550000

CAS #: 106-46-7


UPDATE: May 2009 MW: 147.00 MF: C6H4Cl2


NOTE:

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. SYNONYMS:
  2. SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA:
  3. MUTATION DATA:
  4. REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA:
  5. TUMORIGENIC DATA:
  6. ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
  7. OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA:
  8. REVIEWS:
  9. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:
  10. NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:
  11. STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:
  12. REFERENCES:

SYNONYMS:

  1. 1,4 - Dichloorbenzeen (Dutch)
  2. 1,4 - Dichlor - benzol (German)
  3. 1,4 - Dichlorobenzene
  4. 1,4 - Diclorobenzene (Italian)
  5. Di - chloricide
  6. Evola
  7. Globol
  8. NCI - C54955
  9. PDB
  10. PDCB
  11. Para crystals
  12. Paracide
  13. Paradi
  14. Paradichlorbenzol (German)
  15. Paradichlorobenzene
  16. Paradichlorobenzol
  17. Paradow
  1. Paramoth
  2. Paranuggets
  3. Parazene
  4. Persia - perazol
  5. RCRA waste number U070
  6. RCRA waste number U071
  7. RCRA waste number U072
  8. Santochlor
  9. p - Chlorophenyl chloride
  10. p - Dichloorbenzeen (Dutch)
  11. p - Dichlorbenzol (German)
  12. p - Dichlorobenzene
  13. p - Dichlorobenzene (ACGIH:OSHA)
  14. p - Dichlorobenzol
  15. p - Diclorobenzene (Italian)
  16. para - Chlorophenyl chloride
  17. para - Dichlorobenzene


SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
eye
human
80 ppm N/R AMIHAB 14,138,1956


MUTATION DATA AND REFERENCES:

SYSTEM TEST ROUTE/
ORGANISM/
TISSUE
DOSE REFERENCE
DNA damage intraperitoneal
mouse
2 gm/kg MUREAV 391,201,1997
DNA repair oral
mouse
1,000 mg/kg TCMUD8 18,309,1998
DNA repair oral
rat
1,000 mg/kg TCMUD8 18,309,1998
mutation in microorganisms Aspergillus nidulans 200 mg/L (-enzymatic activation step) CJMIAZ 16,369,1970
micronucleus test intraperitoneal
mouse
355 mg/kg/24 hour MUTAEX 2,111,1987
gene conversion and mitotic recombination Saccharomyes cerevisiae 1 mmol/L MUREAV 413,205,1998
other mutation test systems oral
mouse
750 mg/kg MUREAV 343,157,1995
sister chromatid exchange human lymphocyte 100 g/L MUREAV 263,57,1991
sperm morphology intraperitoneal
rat
800 mg/kg ACDSEL 2,248,1985


REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
rabbit
lowest published toxic concentration: 800 ppm/6 hour (6-18 day pregnant) Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Cardiovascular (circulatory) system FAATDF 5,190,1985
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 7,500 mg/kg (6-15 day pregnant) Reproductive: Specific developmental abnormalities: Musculoskeletal system BECTA6 37,164,1986
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 10 gm/kg (6-15 day pregnant) Reproductive: Effects on embryo or fetus: Fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus) BECTA6 37,164,1986
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 84 mg/kg (1-21 day pregnant/21 day after birth) Reproductive: Effects on newborn: Other postnatal measures or effects BCLPT* 95,139,2004


TUMORIGENIC DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 155 gm/kg/2 year- intermittent Tumorigenic: Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria

Liver: Tumors
NTPTR* NTP-TR-319,1987
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 309,000 mg/kg/103 week- intermittent Tumorigenic: Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria

Liver: Tumors
NTIS** PB87-208617/AS
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 309,000 mg/kg/103 week- intermittent Tumorigenic: Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria

Endocrine: Adrenal cortex tumors
NTIS** PB87-208617/AS
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 155 gm/kg/2 year- intermittent Tumorigenic: Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Kidney tumors
NTPTR* NTP-TR-319,1987
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 77,250 mg/kg/13 week- intermittent Tumorigenic: Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Kidney tumors
NTIS** PB87-208617/AS


ACUTE TOXICITY DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
cat
lowest published lethal concentration: 37 gm/m3/30 minute Behavioral: General anesthetic YKYUA6 38,1045,1987
inhalation
human
lowest published toxic concentration: 480 mg/m3 Eye: Conjunctiva irritation

Olfaction: Other olfaction effects
VCVGK* -,24,1984
inhalation
mammal (species unspecified)
lethal concentration (50 percent kill): 12 gm/m3 N/R GTPZAB 32(10),25,1988
inhalation
rat
lethal concentration (50 percent kill): 5,000 mg/m3/4 hour N/R BFUUA* 185,1,1996
intraperitoneal
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 2 gm/kg N/R MUTAEX 2,111,1987
intraperitoneal
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 2,562 mg/kg N/R JAPMA8 38,124,1949
intraperitoneal
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 4 mg/kg Liver: Changes in liver weight TXAPA9 111,69,1991
intraperitoneal
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 1 mg/kg Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis) TXAPA9 111,69,1991
intraperitoneal
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 2 mg/kg Endocrine: Evidence of thyroid hypofunction TXAPA9 111,69,1991
oral
guinea pig
lowest published lethal dose: 2,800 mg/kg N/R AMIHAB 14,138,1956
oral
human
lowest published toxic dose: 300 mg/kg Eye: Other eye effects

Lung, Thorax, or Respiration: Other changes

Gastrointestinal: Hypermotility, diarrhea
PCOC** -,851,1966
oral
human
lowest published lethal dose: 857 mg/kg N/R 34ZIAG -,210,1969
oral
mammal (species unspecified)
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 2,600 mg/kg N/R GTPZAB 32(10),25,1988
oral
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 2,950 mg/kg N/R GUCHAZ 6,183,1973
oral
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 500 mg/kg N/R WRPCA2 9,119,1970
oral
rabbit
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 2,830 mg/kg N/R YKYUA6 29,453,1978
subcutaneous
mouse
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 5,145 mg/kg Behavioral: Tremor TOIZAG 20,772,1973
skin
rat
lethal dose (50 percent kill): 2,000 mg/kg N/R BFUUA* 185,1,1996
skin
rabbit
lethal dose (50 percent kill): >2 gm/kg N/R SPEADM 78-1,18,1978
unreported route
human
lowest published lethal dose: 357 mg/kg N/R YKYUA6 31,1499,1980
unreported route
man
lowest published lethal dose: 221 mg/kg N/R 85DCAI 2,73,1970


OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE DATA AND REFERENCES:

ROUTE/
ORGANISM
DOSE
EFFECT

REFERENCE
inhalation
guinea pig
lowest published toxic concentration: 158 ppm/7 hour/31 week- intermittent Liver: Changes in liver weight AMIHAB 14,138,1956
inhalation
guinea pig
lowest published toxic concentration: 100 gm/m3/20 minute/20 day- intermittent Blood: Granulocytopenia

Related to Chronic Data: Death in the "MULTIPLE DOSE" data type field
JAPMA8 38,124,1949
inhalation
rat
lowest published toxic concentration: 158 ppm/7 hour/31 week- intermittent Liver: Changes in liver weight

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes in bladder weight
AMIHAB 14,138,1956
inhalation
rat
lowest published toxic concentration: 100 gm/m3/20 minute/25 day- intermittent Behavioral: General anesthetic

Behavioral: Tremor

Blood: Granulocytopenia
JAPMA8 38,124,1949
inhalation
rat
lowest published toxic concentration: 140 ppm/6 hour/2 year- intermittent Olfaction: Other olfaction effects

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Other changes
JTSCDR 22,357,1997
inhalation
rat
lowest published toxic concentration: 950 mg/m3/7 hour/22 week- intermittent Liver: Other changes VCVGK* -,24,1994
inhalation
rabbit
lowest published toxic concentration: 100 gm/m3/30 minute/31 day- intermittent Olfaction: Other olfaction effects

Eye: Other eye effects

Blood: Granulocytopenia
JAPMA8 38,124,1949
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 58,500 mg/kg/13 week- intermittent Liver: Hepatitis (hepatocellular necrosis), zonal

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes in bladder weight

Blood: Changes in leukocyte (WBC) count
NTPTR* NTP-TR-319,1987
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 3 gm/kg/1 week- intermittent Liver: Other changes

Liver: Changes in liver weight

Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: Hepatic microsomal mixed oxidase (dealkylation, hydroxylation, etc.)
FAATDF 39,67,1997
oral
mouse
lowest published toxic dose: 3 gm/kg/7 day- continuous Liver: Other changes

Liver: Changes in liver weight

Biochemical: Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels: Cytochrome oxidases (indlucing oxidative phosphrylation)
EVHPAZ 110,363,2002
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 14 gm/kg/14 day- intermittent Related to Chronic Data: Death in the "MULTIPLE DOSE" data type field NTPTR* NTP-TR-319,1987
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 58,500 mg/kg/13 week- intermittent Liver: Changes in liver weight

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)

Blood: Changes in erythrocyte (RBC) count
NTPTR* NTP-TR-319,1987
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 10 gm/kg/4 week- intermittent Liver: Hepatitis (hepatocellular necrosis), zonal

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
AMIHAB 14,138,1956
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 750 mg/kg/7 day- continuous Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Other changes

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes in kidney weight
EVHPAZ 110,363,2002
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 9 gm/kg/90 day- continuous Liver: Other changes

Liver: Changes in liver weight

Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Changes in kidney weight
EVHPAZ 110,363,2002
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 18 gm/kg/90 day- continuous Liver: Other changes

Liver: Changes in liver weight
EVHPAZ 110,363,2002
oral
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 90 mg/kg/3 day- intermittent Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Other changes

Biochemical: Metabolism (intermediary): Other proteins
TXCYAC 180,233,2002
oral
rabbit
lowest published toxic dose: 92 gm/kg/31 week- intermittent Behavioral: Tremor

Related to Chronic Data: Death in the "MULTIPLE DOSE" data type field
AMIHAB 14,138,1956
unreported route
rat
lowest published toxic dose: 8,400 mg/kg/28 day- intermittent Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder: Other changes TOXID9 66,62,2002


REVIEWS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value time-weighted average 10 ppm DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value Confirmed animal carcinogen DTLVS* TLV/BEI,2007
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Animal Sufficient Evidence IMSUDL 7,192,1987
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Animal Sufficient Evidence IMEMDT 73,223,1999
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Human Inadequate Evidence IMEMDT 7,231,1974
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Animal Inadequate Evidence IMEMDT 7,231,1974
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Human Inadequate Evidence IMEMDT 29,213,1982
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Animal Inadequate Evidence IMEMDT 29,213,1982
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Human Inadequate Evidence IMEMDT 73,223,1999
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Cancer Review Group 2B IMEMDT 73,223,1999
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
TOLED5 127,111,2002
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 543,201,2003
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 543,201,2003
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
TXCYAC 196,1,2004
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 613,17,2006
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
ENTOX* -,5,2005
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 627,59,2007
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 654,114,2008
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
MUREAV 654,114,2008
TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
JTPAE7 19,111,2006


STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD
REFERENCE

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC 54,7740,1989
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) 1998 STATUS OF PESTICIDES: Supported RBREV* -,250,1998
Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) STANDARD - air time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3) DTLVS* 3,77,1971
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (General Industry) 8 hour time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3) CFRGBR 29,1910.1000,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Construction) 8 hour time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3) CFRGBR 29,1926.55,1994
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Shipyards) 8 hour time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3) CFRGBR 29,1915.1000,1993
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Limit (Federal Contractors) 8 hour time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3) CFRGBR 41,50-204.50,1994
Occupational Exposure Limit - AUSTRALIA time-weighted average 25 ppm (150 mg/m3), short term exposure limit 50 ppm (300 mg/m3), JUL2008
Occupational Exposure Limit - BELGIUM time-weighted average 10 ppm (61 mg/m3), short term exposure limit 50 ppm (306 mg/m3), MAR2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - DENMARK time-weighted average 10 ppm (60 mg/m3), OCT 2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - EC time-weighted average 122 mg/m3 (20 ppm);
short term exposure limit 306 mg/m3 (50 ppm), FEB 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - FINLAND time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3), short term exposure limit 115 ppm (690 mg/m3), Skin, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - FRANCE VME 0.75 ppm (4.5 mg/m3), VLE 50 ppm (306 mg/m3), continuous3 Carcinogen, FEB2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - HUNGARY time-weighted average 122 mg/m3, short term exposure limit 306 mg/m3, SEP2000
Occupational Exposure Limit - JAPAN Occupational Exposure Limit 10 ppm (60 mg/m3), 2B carcinogen, APR2007
Occupational Exposure Limit - KOREA time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3), short term exposure limit 110 ppm (675 mg/m3), 2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - MEXICO time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3);
short term exposure limit 110 ppm (675 mg/m3), 2004
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE NETHERLANDS MAC-TGG 150 mg/m3, 2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - NEW ZEALAND time-weighted average 25 ppm (153 mg/m3);
short term exposure limit 50 ppm (306 mg/m3), JAN2002
Occupational Exposure Limit - THE PHILIPPINES time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - POLAND MAC(time-weighted average) 20 mg/m3, JAN1999
Occupational Exposure Limit - RUSSIA time-weighted average 50 ppm, JUN2003
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWEDEN time-weighted average 10 ppm (60 mg/m3);
short term exposure limit 20 ppm (120 mg/m3), JUN2005
Occupational Exposure Limit - SWITZERLAND MAK- week 20 ppm, DEC2006
Occupational Exposure Limit - TURKEY time-weighted average 75 ppm (450 mg/m3), JAN1993
Occupational Exposure Limit - UNITED KINGDOM time-weighted average 25 ppm (153 mg/m3);
short term exposure limit 50 ppm, 2005
Occupational Exposure Limit IN ARGENTINA, BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value;

Confirmed animal carcinogen
Occupational Exposure Limit IN SINGAPORE, VIETNAM American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value
Confirmed animal carcinogen


NIOSH DOCUMENTATION AND SURVEILLANCE:

ORGANIZATION STANDARD or SURVEY
REFERENCE

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Level TO p-DICHLOROBENZENE-air Carcinogen (1.7 ppm LOQ) NIOSH* DHHS #92-100,1992
National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974 National Occupational Hazard Survey 1974: Hazard Code: 24006;
Number of Industries 21;
Total Number of Facilities 1,963;
Number of Occupations 18;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 23,116
National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983 National Occupational Exposure Survey 1983: Hazard Code: 24006;
Number of Industries 22;
Total Number of Facilities 2,629;
Number of Occupations 21;
Total Number of Employees Exposed 33,978;
Total Number of Female Employees Exposed 9,412


STATUS IN FEDERAL AGENCIES:

ORGANIZATION
REFERENCE

ATSDR TOXICOLOGY PROFILE (NTIS** PB/99/121972)
EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
EPA TSCA 8(a) PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT INFORMATION, FINAL RULE FEREAC 47,26992,82
Used as a moth repellant, a mildew control agent and a space deodorant
EPA TSCA Section 8(d) unpublished health/safety studies
EPA TSCA Section 8(e) Risk Notification, 8EHQ-0892-9004
On EPA IRIS database
EPA TSCA TEST SUBMISSION (TSCATS) DATA BASE, JANUARY 2001
NIOSH Analytical Method, 1994: Hydrocarbons, halogenated, 1003
NIOSH Analytical Method, 1996: Volatile organic compound, 2549
NCI Carcinogenesis Studies (gavage);clear evidence:mouse,rat
NTP 11th Report on Carcinogens,2004:Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen


REFERENCES:

CODEN
REFERENCE

34ZIAG "Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969
85DCAI "Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970
ACDSEL Advances in Contraceptive Delivery Systems. (Reproductive Health Center, 78 Surfsong Rd., Kiawah Island, SC 29455) V.1- 1985-
AMIHAB AMA Archives of Industrial Health. (Chicago, IL) V.11-21, 1955-60. For publisher information, see AEHLAU.
BCLPT* Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology (Copenhagen, Denmark : Nordic Pharmacological Society Oxford, UK : Distributed by Blackwell Munksgaard) V.94- 2004-
BECTA6 Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. (Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., Service Center, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094) V.1- 1966-
BFUUA* Beratergremium fuer umweltrelevante Altstoffe (BUA. Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker. Weinheim ; New York : VCH) 1992-
CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402)
CJMIAZ Canadian Journal of Microbiology. (National Research Council of Canada, Publication Sales and Distribution, Ottawa ON K1A OR6, Canada) V.1- 1954-
DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996
ENTOX* Encyclopedia of Toxicology: Reference Book, Elsevier, 2005
EVHPAZ EHP, Environmental Health Perspectives. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) No.1- 1972-
FAATDF Fundamental and Applied Toxicology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1-40, 1981-97. For publisher information, see TOSCF2
FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936-
GTPZAB Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1-36, 1957-1992. For publisher information, see MTPEEI
GUCHAZ Guide to the Chemicals Used in Crop Protection. (Information Canada, 171 Slater St., Ottawa, Ont., Canada)
IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) V.1- 1972-
IMSUDL IARC Monographs, Supplement. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) No.1- 1979-
JAPMA8 Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, Scientific Edition. (Washington, DC) V.29-49, 1940-60. For publisher information, see JPMSAE.
JTPAE7 Journal of Toxicologic Pathology. (Nihon Dokusei Byori Gakkai, editor, 3-25-8 Nishi- shinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105, Japan) V.1- 1988
JTSCDR Journal of Toxicological Sciences. (Japanese Soc. of Toxicological Sciences, 4th Floor, Gakkai Center Bldg., 4-16, Yayoi 2-chome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan) V.1- 1976-
MUREAV Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 1964-
MUTAEX Mutagenesis. (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House, Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK) V.1- 1986-
NIOSH* National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
NTIS** National Technical Information Service. (Springfield, VA 22161) Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information.
NTPTR* National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series. (Research Triangle Park, NC 27709) No.206-
PCOC** Pesticide Chemicals Official Compendium, Association of the American Pesticide Control Officials, Inc., 1966. (Topeka, KS)
RBREV* Status of Pesticides in Registration, Reregistration, and Special Review (Rainbow Report), Special Review and Reregistration Division Office of Pesticide Programs U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M. Street, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20460, Spring 1998
SPEADM Special Publication of the Entomological Society of America. (4603 Calvert Rd., College Park, MD 20740)
TCMUD8 Teratogenesis, Carcinogenesis, and Mutagenesis. (Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003) V.1- 1980-
TOIZAG Toho Igakkai Zasshi. Journal of Medical Society of Toho University. (Toho Daigaku Igakkai, 21-16, Omori-nishi, 5-chome, Ota-ku, Tokyo 143, Japan) V.1- 1954-
TOLED5 Toxicology Letters. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 1977-
TOXID9 Toxicologist. (Soc. of Toxicology, Inc., 475 Wolf Ledge Parkway, Akron, OH 44311) V.1- 1981-
TXAPA9 Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1959-
TXCYAC Toxicology. (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland, Ltd., POB 85, Limerick, Ireland) V.1- 1973-
VCVGK* "Vrednie chemichescie veshestva, galogen I kislorod sodergashie organicheskie soedinenia". (Hazardous substances. Galogen and oxygen containing substances), Bandman A.L. et al., Chimia, 1994.
WRPCA2 World Review of Pest Control. (London, UK) V.1-10, 1962-71. Discontinued.
YKYUA6 Yakkyoku. Pharmacy. (Nanzando, 4-1-11, Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan) V.1- 1950-

Used as a moth repellant, a mildew control agent and a space deodorant

RTECS Compound Description:
   Agricultural Chemical
   Tumorigen
   Mutagen
   Reproductive Effector
   Human Data
   Primary Irritant

Click Here for Additional Information about RTECS

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