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Section 3.3

 

THREAT OF PHYSICAL OR SEXUAL VIOLENCE

Threat of physical or sexual violence is the use of words, gestures, or weapons to communicate the intent to cause death, disability, injury, or physical harm. Also the use of words, gestures, or weapons to communicate the intent to compel a person to engage in sex acts or abusive sexual contact when the person is either unwilling or unable to consent.

Examples: "I’ll kill you"; "I’ll beat you up if you don’t have sex with me"; brandishing a weapon; firing a gun into the air; making hand gestures; reaching toward a person’s breasts or genitalia.

3.301 Threat of Physical or Sexual Violence by Any Intimate Partner Ever

3.302 Number of Episodes Involving Threat of Physical or Sexual Violence by Any Intimate Partner Ever

3.303 Number of Episodes Involving Threat of Physical or Sexual Violence in the Past 12 Months by Any Intimate Partner

3.304 Number of Episodes Involving Threat of Physical or Sexual Violence in the Past 12 Months by Perpetrator of Most Recent Violent Episode

 

3.301 Threat of Physical or Sexual Violence by Any Intimate Partner Ever

Description/Definition

Occurrence, ever in the victim’s life, of the threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner.

Uses

Allows differentiation of threat of physical or sexual violence from the occurrence of physical violence, sexual violence, or psychological/emotional abuse.

Discussion

This data element cannot provide a count of the total number of discrete violent episodes, nor can it provide information about the co-occurrence of different types of violence within each episode. However, data element 4.101 Type(s) of violence in most recent episode does allow collection of such information for the most recent violent episode perpetrated by any intimate partner.

Data Type (and Field Length)

CE — coded element (60).

Repetition

No.

Field Values/Coding Instructions

Code Description

0 No known threat of physical or sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever.

1 Threat of physical or sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever.

9 Unknown if threat of physical or sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever.

If any episode of threat of physical or sexual violence also involved other types of violence (physical violence, sexual violence, or psychological/emotional abuse), the episode should be recorded in data elements for each of those types of violence, as well as being recorded for threat of physical or sexual violence.

Data Standards or Guidelines

None.

Other References

None.

 

3.302 Number of Episodes Involving Threat of Physical or Sexual Violence by Any Intimate Partner Ever

 

Description/Definition

Number of episodes, ever in the victim’s life, involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner.

Uses

Provides a measure of the total frequency of episodes involving the threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

Discussion

Recall that the definition of a violent episode is "A single act or series of acts of violence that are perceived to be connected to each other, and that may persist over a period of minutes, hours, or days. A violent episode may involve single or multiple types of violence (e.g., physical violence, sexual violence, threat of physical or sexual violence, psychological/emotional abuse)."

Data Type (and Field Length)

CE — coded element (60).

Repetition

No.

Field Values/Coding Instructions

Code Description

1 1-2 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

2 3-5 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

3 6-10 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

4 More than 10 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

9 Unknown how many episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

If, for the data element 3.301 Threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner ever, there is a response of "0" (No known threat of physical or sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever) or "9" (Unknown if threat of physical or sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever), then this data element should not be used.

If more than one intimate partner has threatened physical or sexual violence, the code should reflect the total of all episodes involving threat of physical or sexual violence for all of those partners.

Data Standards or Guidelines

None.

Other References

None.

 

3.303 NUMBER OF EPISODES INVOLVING THREAT OF PHYSICAL OR SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS BY ANY INTIMATE PARTNER

Description/Definition

Number of episodes involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner (current or former) that occurred in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

Uses

Provides a measure of the frequency of episodes involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner during the past 12 months.

Discussion

Recall that the definition of a violent episode is "A single act or series of acts of violence that are perceived by the victim to be connected to each other, and that may persist over a period of minutes, hours, or days. A violent episode may involve single or multiple types of violence (e.g., physical violence, sexual violence, threat of physical or sexual violence, psychological/emotional abuse)."

Data Type (and Field Length)

CE — coded element (60).

Repetition

No.

Field Values/Coding Instructions

Code Description

0 No known episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

1 1-2 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

2 3-5 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

3 6-10 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

4 More than 10 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

9 Unknown how many episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

If, for the data element 3.301 Threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner ever, there is a response of "0" (No known threat of physical or sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever) or "9" (Unknown if threat of physical or sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever), then this data element should not be used.

If more than one intimate partner threatened physical or sexual violence in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person, the code for this data element should reflect the total of all episodes involving threat of physical or sexual violence for all of those partners.

Data Standards or Guidelines

None.

Other References

None.

 

3.304 NUMBER OF EPISODES INVOLVING THREAT OF PHYSICAL OR SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS BY PERPETRATOR OF MOST RECENT VIOLENT EPISODE

Description/Definition

Number of episodes involving threat of physical or sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode that occurred in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

Uses

Provides a measure of the frequency of episodes involving threat of physical or sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode during the past 12 months.

Discussion

Although the IPV surveillance system cannot provide information about the co­occurrence of different types of violence within episodes, this data element and other data elements related to the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode do provide information about the past perpetration of each type of violence by a single violent intimate partner. See also the data elements: 3.104 Number of episodes involving physical violence in the past 12 months by perpetrator of most recent violent episode; 3.204 Number of episodes involving sexual violence in the past 12 months by perpetrator of most recent violent episode; and 3.403 Proportion of time victim felt psychologically/emotionally abused in the past 12 months by perpetrator of most recent violent episode.

Data Type (and Field Length)

CE — coded element (60).

Repetition

No.

Field Values/Coding Instructions

Code Description

0 No known episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

1 1-2 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

2 3-5 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

3 6-10 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

4 More than 10 episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

9 Unknown how many episodes occurred involving threat of physical or sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

If, for the data element 3.301 Threat of physical or sexual violence by any intimate partner ever, there is a response of "0" (No known threat of physical or sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever) or "9" (Unknown if threat of physical or sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever), then this data element should not be used.

The code should only reflect the total of all episodes involving threat of physical or sexual violence against the victim by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode. The perpetrator of the most recent violent episode may have used any type of violence in that episode. Thus, it is possible that person did not threaten physical or sexual violence in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode, even though another intimate partner did threaten physical or sexual violence against the victim in that same 12-month period.

Data Standards or Guidelines

None.

Other References

None.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Content Source: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Page last modified: September 25, 2008