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Section 3.2
 

 

SEXUAL VIOLENCE

A sex act (or sexual act) is contact between the penis and the vulva or the penis and the anus involving penetration, however slight; contact between the mouth and the penis, vulva, or anus; or penetration of the anal or genital opening of another person by a hand, finger, or other object.

Abusive sexual contact is intentional touching directly, or through the clothing, of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of any person against his or her will, or of any person who is unable to understand the nature or condition of the act, to decline participation, or to communicate unwillingness to be touched (e.g., because of illness, disability, or the influence of alcohol or other drugs, or due to intimidation or pressure).

Sexual violence is divided into three categories: (1) Use of physical force to compel a person to engage in a sexual act against his or her will, whether or not the act is completed. (2) An attempted or completed sex act involving a person who is unable to understand the nature or condition of the act, to decline participation, or to communicate unwillingness to engage in the sexual act, e.g., because of illness, disability, or the influence of alcohol or other drugs, or due to intimidation or pressure. (3) Abusive sexual contact.

 

3.201 Sexual Violence by Any Intimate Partner Ever

3.202 Number of Episodes Involving Sexual Violence by Any Intimate Partner Ever

3.203 Number of Episodes Involving Sexual Violence in the Past 12 Months by Any Intimate Partner

3.204 Number of Episodes Involving Sexual Violence in the Past 12 Months by Perpetrator of Most Recent Violent Episode

 

3.201 Sexual Violence by Any Intimate Partner Ever

Description/Definition

Occurrence, ever in the victim’s life, of sexual violence by any intimate partner.

Uses

Allows differentiation of sexual violence from physical violence, threat of physical or sexual violence, or psychological/emotional abuse.

Discussion

This data element cannot provide a count of the total number of discrete violent episodes, nor can it provide information about the co-occurrence of different types of violence within each episode. However, data element 4.101 Type(s) of violence in most recent episode does allow collection of such information for the most recent violent episode perpetrated by any intimate partner.

Because the definition of sexual violence includes three distinct categories, the codes allow information to be collected separately for each of the categories.

Data Type (and Field Length)

CE — coded element (60).

Repetition

Yes, if more than one type of sexual violence occurred.

Field Values/Coding Instructions

Code Description

0 No known sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever.

1 Sexual violence occurred, involving physical force to compel the victim to engage in sexual acts (attempted or completed), by any intimate partner ever.

2 Unknown if sexual violence occurred, involving physical force to compel the victim to engage in sexual acts (attempted or completed), by any intimate partner ever.

3 Sexual violence occurred, and at the time, the victim was unable to appraise the situation, decline participation, or communicate unwillingness to engage in a sexual act, by any intimate partner ever.

4 Unknown if sexual violence occurred and, at the time, the victim was unable to appraise the situation, decline participation, or communicate unwillingness to engage in a sexual act, by any intimate partner ever.

5 Abusive sexual contact occurred, by any intimate partner ever.

6 Unknown if abusive sexual contact occurred by any intimate partner ever.

8 Sexual violence, type unspecified, occurred by any intimate partner ever.

9 Unknown if any category of sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever.

If any episode of sexual violence also involved other types of violence (physical violence, threat of physical or sexual violence, or psychological/emotional abuse), the episode should be recorded in data elements for each of those types of violence, as well as being recorded for sexual violence.

If the response is code "9" (Unknown if any category of sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever), then codes "2," "4," and "6" should not be used.

Data Standards or Guidelines

None.

Other References

None.

 

3.202 NUMBER OF EPISODES INVOLVING SEXUAL VIOLENCE BY ANY INTIMATE PARTNER EVER 

Description/Definition

Number of episodes, ever in the victim’s life, involving sexual violence by any intimate partner.

Uses

Provides a measure of the total frequency of episodes involving sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

Discussion

Recall that the definition of a violent episode is "A single act or series of acts of violence that are perceived to be connected to each other, and that may persist over a period of minutes, hours, or days. A violent episode may involve single or multiple types of violence (e.g., physical violence, sexual violence, threat of physical or sexual violence, psychological/emotional abuse)."

Although the definition of sexual violence includes three distinct categories, the codes here combine information across the three categories.

Data Type (and Field Length)

CE — coded element (60).

Repetition

No.

Field Values/Coding Instructions

Code Description

1 1-2 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

2 3-5 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

3 6-10 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

4 More than 10 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

9 Unknown how many episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner ever.

If, for the data element 3.201 Sexual violence by any intimate partner ever, there is a response of "0" (No known sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever) or "9" (Unknown if any category of sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever), then this data element should not be used.

If there has been more than one sexually violent intimate partner, the code should reflect the total of all episodes involving sexual violence for all of those partners.

Data Standards or Guidelines

None.

Other References

None.

 

3.203 Number of Episodes Involving Sexual Violence in the Past 12 Months by Any Intimate Partner

 

Description/Definition

Number of episodes involving sexual violence by any intimate partner (current or former) that occurred in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

Uses

Provides a measure of the frequency of episodes involving sexual violence by any intimate partner during the past 12 months.

Discussion

Recall that the definition of a violent episode is "A single act or series of acts of violence that are perceived to be connected to each other, and that may persist over a period of minutes, hours, or days. A violent episode may involve single or multiple types of violence (e.g., physical violence, sexual violence, threat of physical or sexual violence, psychological/emotional abuse)."

Although the definition of sexual violence includes three distinct categories, the codes here combine information across the three categories.

Data Type (and Field Length)

CE — coded element (60).

Repetition

No.

Field Values/Coding Instructions

Code Description

0 No known episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

1 1-2 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

2 3-5 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

3 6-10 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

4 More than 10 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

9 Unknown how many episodes occurred involving sexual violence by any intimate partner in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person.

If, for the data element 3.201 Sexual violence by any intimate partner ever, there is a response of "0" (No known sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever) or "9" (Unknown if sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever), then this data element should not be used.

If more than one intimate partner was sexually violent in the 12 months prior to the date the agency providing data to the IPV surveillance system first documented IPV victimization for this person, the code for this data element should reflect the total of all episodes involving sexual violence for all of those partners.

Data Standards or Guidelines

None.

Other References

None.

 

3.204 NUMBER OF EPISODES INVOLVING SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS BY PERPETRATOR OF MOST RECENT VIOLENT EPISODE

Description/Definition

Number of episodes involving sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent

violent episode that occurred in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent

violent episode.

Uses

Provides a measure of the frequency of episodes involving sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode during the past 12 months.

Discussion

Although the IPV surveillance system cannot provide information about the co­occurrence of different types of violence within episodes, this data element and other data elements related to the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode do provide information about the past perpetration of each type of violence by a single violent intimate partner. See also the data elements: 3.104 Number of episodes involving physical violence in the past 12 months by perpetrator of most recent violent episode; 3.304 Number of episodes involving threat of physical or sexual violence in the past 12 months by perpetrator of most recent violent episode; and 3.403 Proportion of time victim felt psychologically/emotionally abused in the past 12 months by perpetrator of most recent violent episode.

Although the definition of sexual violence includes three distinct categories, the codes here combine information across the three categories.

Data Type (and Field Length)

CE — coded element (60).

Repetition

No.

Field Values/Coding Instructions

Code Description

0 No known episodes occurred involving sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

1 1-2 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

2 3-5 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

3 6-10 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

4 More than 10 episodes occurred involving sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

9 Unknown how many episodes occurred involving sexual violence by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode.

If, for the data element 3.201 Sexual violence by any intimate partner ever, there is a response of "0" (No known sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever) or "9" (Unknown if sexual violence occurred by any intimate partner ever), then this data element should not be used.

The code should only reflect the total of all episodes involving sexual violence against the victim by the perpetrator of the most recent violent episode. The perpetrator of the most recent violent episode may have used any type of violence. Thus, it is possible that person did not perpetrate sexual violence in the 12 months prior to the date of the most recent violent episode, even though another intimate partner did perpetrate sexual violence against the victim in that same 12-month period.

Data Standards or Guidelines

None.

Other References

None.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Content Source: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Page last modified: September 25, 2008