Atlas of Injury Mortality Among American Indian and Alaska Native Children and Youth, 1989-1998 PDF Version

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Native American Suffocation per 100,000, Ages 0-19, IHS Areas, 1989-1998


Suffocations per 100,000 Population, Native Americans,Ages 019, IHS Areas, 19891998
 
IHS Area Death Rate
(per 100,000)
Percentile
Aberdeen 3.5 95-100
Alaska 5.3 95-100
Albuquerque 1.2 0-49
 
Bemidji 3.3 95-100
Billings 3.2 95-100
California 1.2 0-49
Nashville 2.5 95-100
Navajo 3.3 95-100
Oklahoma 0.4 0-49
Phoenix 2.7 95-100
Portland 1.6 50-74
Tucson 3.3 95-100
All IHS Areas Combined 2.4
 
 
United States Rate 1.0  

 

 
Suffocation Age-Specific Rates19891998
Suffocation Age Specific Rates 1989-1998 

Age Group (years)

Death Rate (per 100,000)

Under 1

25.9

1-4

2.7

5-9

0.8*

10-14

0.8*

15-19

0.7*

* Rates are based on fewer than 20 deaths and should be interpreted with caution.

 

SUMMARY

  • From 1989 to 1998, 155 Native American children and youth died from unintentional suffocation, choking, or strangulation.
  • Suffocation was the leading cause of injury death among Native American infants.
  • Inhalation or ingestion of food or other objects accounted for 24% of the choking and suffocation deaths. Twenty-five percent of children suffocated while in a bed or cradle.
  • Fifty-eight percent of suffocation deaths occurred among infants. Forty percent of these infants suffocated in a bed or cradle.
  • Suffocation rates were highest in the Alaska Area.

 

 

Suffocation Rates per 100,000 Population 19811998
Suffocation Rates per 100,000 Population
19811998

Year

Native American Rate

Black Rate

White Rate

81-82

3.98

1.67

1.19

83-84

3.64

1.73

1.04

85-86

3.37

1.48

0.98

87-88

2.70

1.58

0.95

89-90

2.80

1.92

0.88

91-92

3.32

1.54

0.84

93-94

2.45

1.38

0.86

95-96

1.81

1.56

0.83

97-98

1.54

1.56

0.82

Type/Location of Suffocation19891998

Type/Location of Suffocation
1989-1998

Method Used

Frequency (%)

Cave In

0.7

Inhalation/Ingestion of food

12.3

Inhalation/Ingestion of an object

23.9

Lack of air (in closed space)

2.9

Suffocation (bed, cradle)

25.4

Suffocation (plastic bag)

2.9

Unintentional hanging

19.6

Other/Unspecified

12.3

   

 

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