Atlas of Injury Mortality Among American Indian and Alaska Native Children and Youth, 1989-1998 PDF Version

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Native American Drownings per 100,000, Ages 0-19, IHS Areas, 1989-1998


Drowning per 100,000 Population, Native Americans,Ages 019, IHS Areas, 19891998

 

IHS Area Death Rate
(per 100,000)
Percentile

Aberdeen

3.5

50-74

Alaska

14.6

95-100

Albuquerque

2.6

0-49

Bemidji

4.8

75-94

Billings

4.7

75-94

California

2.7

0-49

Nashville

4.3

75-94

Navajo

4.4

75-94

Oklahoma

1.1

0-49

Phoenix

4.7

75-94

Portland

3.7

50-74

Tucson

3.5

50-74

All IHS Areas Combined

4.2

 

United States Rate

2.0

 

 

 

Drowning Age-Specific Rates 19891998
Drowning Age Specific Rates 1989-1998 

Age Group (years)

Death Rate (per 100,000)

Under 1

3.2*

1-4

6.6

5-9

2.8

10-14

2.5

15-19

5.8

* Rates are based on fewer than 20 deaths and should be interpreted with caution.

 

SUMMARY

  • There were 240 Native American children and youth who drowned between 1989 and 1998.

  • Males in age group 1 to 4 years and 15 to 19 years had the highest rates of drowning

  • Five percent of Native American drowning occurred among infants.

  • About half of all drowning occurred in swimming pools or quenching tanks.

  • During the most recent period, 19971998, drowning rates were similar for Native American and black males. But these drowning rates were 2 times greater than for whites. Drowning rates for Native American females were 2 times greater than black females and 2.7 times greater than white females.

  • From 1989 to 1998, drowning rates for Native Americans decreased by 34%.

  • The Alaska IHS Area had the highest drowning rate of all IHS Areas. The drowning rate for Alaska Native children and youth was 7 times greater than the U.S. national rate.

 

 

 

Drowning Rates per 100,000 Population 19811998
Drowning Rates per 100,000 Population19811998

Year

Native American Rate

Black Rate

White Rate

81-82

8.85

4.64

2.96

83-84

5.52

4.17

2.55

85-86

7.00

4.18

2.46

87-88

5.03

3.78

2.25

89-90

5.01

3.3

2.02

91-92

3.97

3.15

1.85

93-94

3.61

2.88

1.63

95-96

5.22

2.78

1.67

97-98

3.30

2.67

1.58

Drowning by Type19891998

Drowning by Type
1989-1998 

Method Used

Frequency (%)

Bathtub

5.1

Quenching Tank/Swimming

45.3

Sport/Recreation

14.5

Watercraft Related

13.1

Unspecified/Other

22.0

 

 

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