Atlas of Injury Mortality Among American Indian and Alaska Native Children and Youth, 1989-1998 PDF Version

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Native American Suicides per 100,000, Ages 0-19, IHS Areas, 1989-1998


Suicides per 100,000 Population, Native Americans,Ages 019, IHS Areas, 19891998

 

IHS Area Death Rate
(per 100,000)
Percentile
Aberdeen 19.6 95-100
Alaska 25.1 95-100
Albuquerque 7.7 75-94
Bemidji 10.7 95-100
Billings 8.6 95-100
California 5.0 50-74
Nashville 2.9 0-49
Navajo 7.4 75-94
Oklahoma 4.3 50-74
Phoenix 8.1 75-94
Portland 8.5 95-100
Tucson 18.8 95-100
All IHS Areas Combined 9.2
 
 
United States Rate 3.0  


 

Suicide Age-Specific Rates19891998
 Suicide Age Specific Rates 1989-1998 

Age Group (years)

Death Rate (per 100,000)

Under 1

0.0

1-4

0.0

5-9

0.1*

10-14

4.6

15-19

31.8

* Rates are based on fewer than 20 deaths and should be interpreted with caution.

 

SUMMARY

  • Between 1989 and 1998, 462 Native American children and youth committed suicide.
  • Suicide rates were highest among those age 15 to 19 years.
  • Among Native American youth who committed suicide, 52% of suicides were committed with a firearm, and more than one third were by hanging/suffocation.
  • During the most recent period, 19971998, suicide rates for Native American males were 5.2 times greater than rates for black males and 3.6 times greater than white males. The suicide rate for Native American females was 4.7 times greater than black females and 3.4 times greater than white females.
  • Suicide rates for Native American males and females remained unchanged from 1989 to 1998.
  • The highest rates of youth suicide occurred in the Tucson, Aberdeen, and Alaska IHS Areas. These Areas had rates that were 6 to 8 times greater than U.S. national rates.

 

 

Suicide Rate per 100,000 Population19811998
Suicide Rate per 100,000 Population19811998

Year

Native American Rate

Black Rate

White Rate

81-82

8.27

1.07

2.66

83-84

8.90

1.23

2.74

85-86

8.48

1.44

3.18

87-88

8.07

1.77

3.32

89-90

10.21

1.97

3.4

91-92

8.50

2.23

3.34

93-94

8.56

2.57

3.32

95-96

8.58

2.15

3.12

97-98

10.23

1.99

2.87

Suicide by Method Used 19891998

Suicide by Method Used
1989-1998

Method Used

Frequency (%)

Firearms

51.9

Hanging

37.4

Jumping

0.5

Motor Vehicle Exhaust Gas

0.5

Poisoning

6.1

Submersion

0.5

Other

3.2

 

 

 

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