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Explanation of the Summary Sheet


Graphical summaries of information are presented for each cause of death. On each page, a summary of major findings is presented. In the top left corner of each summary page is a line graph of age-adjusted two-year death rates for the injury being highlighted, by race and the two-year period. These graphs show trends across an eighteen-year period (1981–1998). At the bottom left is a bar graph of American Indian age-specific rates that shows the age groups at highest risk of death from the highlighted injury. Any rate with an asterisk (*) is based on a small number of deaths (< 20) and should be interpreted with caution. The pie chart in the bottom right shows the percentage of total deaths attributable to subcategories of the cause of injury.


 

10 Leading Causes of Death, by Age Group
American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1999-2000

 

Age Groups

 
Rank <1 1-4 5-9 10-14 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+ Total
1 Congenital
Anomalies
135
Unintentional
Injury
76
Unintentional
Injury
56
Unintentional
Injury
65
Unintentional
Injury
588
Unintentional
Injury
489
Unintentional
Injury
508
Heart
Disease
480
Malignant
Neoplasms
823
Heart
Disease
3,233
Heart
Disease
4,821
2 SIDS
95
Homicide
14
Malignant
Neoplasms
7
Suicide
8
Suicide
184
Suicide
169
Liver
Disease
272
Malignant
Neoplasms
437
Heart
Disease
779
Malignant
Neoplasms
2,198
Malignant
Neoplasms
3,750
3 Short
Gestation
72
Congenital
Anomalies
9
Congenital
Anomalies
6
Heart
Disease
7
Homicide
111
Homicide
132
Heart
Disease
228
Unintentional
Injury
360
Diabetes
Mellitus
299
Cerebrovascular
813
Unintentional
Injury
2,680
4 Unintentional
Injury
33
Malignant
Neoplasms
7
Homicide
6
Malignant
Neoplasms
7
Malignant
Neoplasms
26
Liver
Disease
60
Malignant
Neoplasms
190
Liver
Disease
305
Liver
Disease
246
Diabetes
Mellitus
809
Diabetes
Mellitus
1,341
5 Maternal
Pregnancy
Comp. 20
Heart
Disease
6
Influenza
& Pneumonia
3
Homicide
4
Heart
Disease
20
Heart
Disease
54
Suicide
116
Diabetes
Mellitus
162
Unintentional
Injury
199
Chronic Lower
Respiratory
Disease 632
Cerebrovascular
1,118
6 Placenta Cord
Membranes
20
Septicemia
4
Septicemia
3
Congenital
Anomalies
3
Congenital
Anomalies
10
Malignant
Neoplasms
52
Homicide
90
Cerebrovascular
87
Cerebrovascular
142
Influenza
& Pneumonia
415
Liver
Disease
1,047
7 Five
Tied
15
Influenza
& Pneumonia
3
Perinatal
Period
2
Influenza
& Pneumonia
3
Influenza
& Pneumonia
7
HIV
25
HIV
58
Suicide
62
Chronic Lower
Respiratory
Disease 134
Unintentional
Injury
305
Chronic Lower
Respiratory
Disease 835
8 Five
Tied
15
Acute
Bronchititis
2
Six
Tied
1
Cerebrovascular
2
Septicemia
6
Cerebrovascular
16
Cerebrovascular
52
Homicide
51
Nephritis
75
Nephritis
267
Influenza
& Pneumonia
604
9 Five
Tied
15
Chronic Lower
Respiratory
Disease 2
Six
Tied
1
Three
Tied
1
Benign
Neoplasms
5
Diabetes
Mellitus
15
Diabetes
Mellitus
52
Influenza
& Pneumonia
47
Septicemia
58
Septicemia
177
Suicide
588
10 Five
Tied
15
Perinatal
Period
2
Six
Tied
1
Three
Tied
1
Complicated
Pregnancy
5
Influenza
& Pneumonia
9
Influenza
& Pneumonia
48
Septicemia
47
Influenza
& Pneumonia
54
Alzheimer's
Disease
175
Homicide
456

Number of deaths during the 2 year period for each cause is shown in the appropriate box.
Includes all American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States.
Source: National Center for Health Statistics, 2002
Chart developed by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

 

 

Leading Causes of Death Native Americans, Ages 1-19, 1997-1998

 

Leading Causes of Death
Native Americans, Ages 1-19, 1997-1998

  • Injuries 75%

  • All Other 14.2%

  • Cancer 4.4%

  • Congenital Anomalies 2.9%

  • Pneumonia/Flu 1.5%

  • Heart Disease 2.0%


 

Figure 1. Indian Health Service Areas

 

Figure
Figure 1. Indian Health Service Areas

  • Portland

  • Billings

  • California

  • Tucson

  • Bemidji

  • Aberdeen

  • Navajo

  • Alaska

  • Albuquerque

  • Oklahoma City

  • Nashville


 Figure 2.
American Indians and Alaskan Natives Injury Deaths per 100,000
Population for a
Hypothetical IHS Area, Ages 0–19 Years, 1989–1998

 

IHS Areas colored RED have injury mortality rates at or above the 95th NATIONAL percentile of all U.S. races.IHS Areas colored BLUE have injury mortality rates at or above the 75th but less than the 95th NATIONAL percentile.IHS Areas Colored GRAY have the injury mortality rates greater than the 50th percentile but less than the 75th NATIONAL percentile.IHS Areas colored WHITE have injury mortality rates below the 50th NATIONAL percentile.

American Indians and Alaskan Natives Injury Deaths per 100,000

 

Motor Vehicle
 

28 Deaths
A total of 28 persons died because of motor
vehicle-related injuries from 1989 through 1998.
 
U.S.
Area Rate

11.5
3.7

The national motor vehicle-related mortality rate for the U.S. was 11.5 deaths/100,000 population, whereas the rate in the Area over the same period was 33.7 American Indian deaths/100,000 population.
 
Excess Deaths
70
This IHS Area had a total of 70 deaths more than would be expected if the Area had experienced the national motor vehicle related death rate. Because excess death estimates depend on the Area’s population, two Areas with equal mortality rates could have different estimates for excess deaths. The dependence on population size should be considered when excess deaths are compared among Areas.
 

 

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Content Source: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Violence Prevention
Page last modified: July 05, 2007