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Group A Streptococcal (GAS) Disease

 Links

bulleted list item, level 1 CDC. Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs)
http://www.cdc.gov/abcs/
bulleted list item, level 1 CDC. Investigating clusters of group A streptoccocal disease
http://www.cdc.gov/strepAcalculator

Streptococcus pyogenes emm Sequence Database
bulleted list item CDC Streptococcus Laboratory
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/biotech/strep/strepindex.htm
World Health Organization (WHO) Information
bulleted list item

The Current Evidence for the Burden of Group A Streptococcal Diseases. WHO 2005
http://www.who.int/child_adolescent_health/documents/fch_cah_05_07/en/index.html (exit)

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A Review of the Technical Basis for the Control of Conditions Associated with GAS Infections. WHO 2005
http://www.who.int/child_adolescent_health/documents/fch_cah_05_08/en/index.html (exit)

bulleted list item

Group A Streptococcal Vaccine Development: Current Status and Issues of Relevance to Less Developed Countries. WHO 2005
http://www.who.int/child_adolescent_health/documents/ivb_05_14/en/index.html (exit)

NIH Information
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Group A Streptococcal Infections from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/healthscience/healthtopics/streptococcal/ (exit)

Health Care Provider Information
bulleted list item

Prevention of Varicella: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), June 2007
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5604a1.htm

bulleted list item Streptococcal Toxic-Shock Syndrome: Spectrum of Disease, Pathogenesis, and New Concepts in Treatment, July - September 1995
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol1no3/stevens.htm
Media Information
bulleted list item Group A Streptococcal Infections. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID)
http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/healthscience/healthtopics/streptococcal/research.htm (exit)
bulleted list item Fact Sheet: Group A Streptococcal Infection Necrotizing Fasciitis - National Institutes of Health
http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/healthscience/healthtopics/severestrep/
(exit)
Laboratory Information
bulleted list item CDC Streptococcus Laboratory
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/biotech/strep/strepindex.htm
bulleted list item Rapid Molecular Genetic Subtyping of Serotype M1 Group A Streptococcus Strains, Emerging Infectious Diseases, April 1999
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol5no2/hoe.htm
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emm and sof gene sequence variation in relation to serological typing of opacity-factor-positive group A strreptococci. Microbiology (2000) 146, 1195-1209.
http://www.socgenmicrobiol.org.uk/mic/146/1195/1461195A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat PDF 15 pages (exit)

Outbreak Information
bulleted list item MMWR: Outbreak of Group A Streptococcal Pneumonia Among Marine Corps Recruits--California, November 1-December 20, 2002 (Feb 2003)
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5206a3.htm
bulleted list item Investigating clusters of group A streptoccocal disease
http://www.cdc.gov/strepAcalculator
bulleted list item Varicella related deaths among children - United States - 1997 (May 1998)
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00052600.htm
bulleted list item MMWR Outbreak of Invasive Group A Streptococcus Associated with Varicella in a Childcare Center -- Boston, Massachusetts, 1997 (October 1997)
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00049535.htm
bulleted list item Use of Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis for Investigation of a Cluster of Invasive Group A Streptococcal Illness - Spokane, Washington, 1999 (August 1999)
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm4831a1.htm

References

O'Loughlin RE, Roberson A, Cieslak PR, Lynfield R, Gershman K, Craig A, Albanese B, Farley MM, Barrett NL, Spina NL, Beall B, Harrison LH, Reingold A, Van Beneden C. The Epidemiology of Invasive Group A Streptococcal Infections and Potential Vaccine Implications, United States, 2000-2004. Clin Infect Dis 2007; 45:853-62.

Jordan HT, Richards CL, Burton DC, Thigpen MC, Van Beneden CA. Group A Streptococcal Disease in Long-Term Care Facilities: Descriptive Epidemiology and Potential Control Measures. Clin Infect Dis 2007; 45:742-52.

Johnson DR, Kaplan EL, VanGheem A, Facklam RR, Beall B. Characterization of group A streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes): correlation of M-protein and emm-gene type with T-protein agglutination pattern and serum opacity factor. J Med Microbiol. 2006; 55:157-64.

Dale JB, Penfound T, Chiang EY, Long V, Shulman ST, Beall B. Multivalent group A streptococcal vaccine elicits bactericidal antibodies against variant M subtypes. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2005; 12:833-6.

Factor SH, Levine OS, Harrison LH, Farley MM, McGeer A, Skoff T, Wright T, Schwartz B, Schuchat A. Risk Factors for Pediatric Invasive Group A Streptococcal Disease. Emerg Infect Dis 2005; 11(7):1062-6.

Facklam RF, Martin DR, Lovgren M, et al. Extension of the Lancefield classification for Group A streptococci by addition of 22 new M protein gene sequence types from clinical isolates: emm103 to emm124. Clin Infect Dis 2002; 34(1):28-38.

The Prevention of Invasive Group A Streptococcal Infections Workshop Participants. Prevention of invasive group A streptococcal disease among household contacts of case-patients and among postpartum and postsurgical patients: Recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Clin Infect Dis 2002; 35: 950-959.

Stevens DL. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome associated with necrotizing fasciitis. Ann Rev Med 2000; 51:271-88.

 
 
Date: April 4, 2008
Content source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases: Division of Bacterial Diseases
 
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