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Brainerd Diarrhea

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Afzalpurkar RG, Shiller LR, Little KH, Santangelo WC, Fortran JS. The self-limited nature of chronic idiopathic diarrhea. N Engl J Med 1992; 327: 1849-52.

Bryant DA, Mintz ED, Puhr N, Griffin P, Petras R. Colonic epithelial lymphocytosis associated with an epidemic of chronic diarrhea. Am J Surg Pathol 1996; 20:1102-1109.

Janda R, Conklin J, Mitros F, Parsonnet J. Multifocal colitis associated with an epidemic of chronic diarrhea. Gastroenterology 1991; 100: 458-464.

Mintz, ED. Brainerd diarrhea turns 20: A riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma. Lancet 2003; in press.

Mintz, ED, Mishu B, Guris D, Griffin PM. Prevalence of brainerd type chronic diarrhea among patients of AGA and ACG members (abstract). Gastroenterology 1993; 104:A747.

Mintz ED, Parsonnet J, Osterholm M. Chronic idiopathic diarrhea (letter). N Engl J Med 1993; 328: 1713-1714.

Mintz ED, Weber JT, Guris D, et al. An outbreak of Brainerd diarrhea among travelers to the Galapagos Islands. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1998;177:1041-45.

Osterholm MT, MacDonald KL, White KE, et al. An outbreak of a newly recognized chronic diarrhea syndrome associated with raw milk consumption. JAMA 1986; 256: 484-490.

Parsonnet J, Trock SC, Bopp CA, et al. Chronic diarrhea associated with drinking untreated water. Ann Intern Med 1989; 110: 985-991.

Parsonnet J, Wanke C, Hack H. Idiopathic chronic diarrhea. In: Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract. MJ Blaser, PD Smith, JI Ravdin, HB Greenberg, RL Guerrant, editors. Raven Press, Ltd. New York 1995; 311-323.

Date: October 25, 2005
Content source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases: Division of Bacterial Diseases
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