### Purpose

Cleaning and recoding NHANES II data are necessary before you can use NHANES II variables for your analyses. NHANES II data may need to be cleaned if there are missing data, skip patterns, or outliers in the dataset. Alternatively, you may need to recode data in order to define new variable values.

### Task 1: Identify, Recode and Evaluate Missing Data

Missing values may distort your analysis results. You must evaluate the extent of missing data in your dataset to determine whether the data are useable without additional re-weighting for item non-response.

- Key Concepts about Missing Data in NHANES II
- How to Identify and Recode Missing Data in NHANES II
- Download Sample Code and Dataset

### Task 2: Check for Skip Patterns and Explain How They Affect Results

The significance of a skip pattern depends on the question leading to the skip pattern, the questions within that skip pattern, and the variables you intend to analyze.

If you fail to check for skip patterns, you may obtain only a proportion of the population, instead of the entire study population.

- Key Concepts about Skip Patterns in NHANES II
- How to Identify and Recode Skip Patterns in NHANES II Analysis
- Download Sample Code and Dataset

### Task 3: Check Distributions and Describe the Impact of Influential Outliers in NHANES II Analyses

Before you analyze your data, it is very important that you check the distribution and normality of the data and identify outliers for continuous variables.

- Key Concepts about Outliers in NHANES II Data
- How to Check Distributions and Describe the Impact of Influential Outliers in NHANES II Analyses
- Download Sample Code and Dataset

### Task 4: Recode Variables

Recoding is an important step for preparing an analytical dataset. You may want to recode variables to create new variables that fit your analytic needs.

##### Contact Us:

- National Center for Health Statistics

3311 Toledo Rd

Hyattsville, MD 20782 - 1 (800) 232-4636
- cdcinfo@cdc.gov