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Progress Review Focus Area 24 - Respiratory Diseases Presentation

 

PowerPoint Presentation [PPT - 5 MB]

 

Slide 1

Focus Area 24:Respiratory Diseases Progress Review

Edward J. Sondik, National Center for Health Statistics.

May 22, 2008

Picture of Slide 1 as described above.

 

Slide 2

Asthma Facts

Prevalence (2006)

  • Children -- 9.4%
  • Adults -- 7.3%

Asthma was responsible for (2005):

  • 12,823,000 physician office visits
  • 1,770,000 emergency department visits
  • 489,000 hospitalizations
  • 3,884 deaths

 

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Facts

COPD is under-diagnosed

  • Diagnosed prevalence -- 12 million U.S. adults (2006)
  • NHANES III data estimated that 24 million U.S. adults had evidence of impaired lung function (1988-94)
COPD was responsible for (2006):
  • 17,528,000 physician and hospital outpatient visits
  • 1,998,000 emergency department visits
  • 661,000 hospitalizations
  • Fourth leading cause of death -- 122,000 deaths (2004)

Picture of Slide 2 as described above.

 

Slide 3

Highlighted objectives with colored dots indicating status.

24-1 Deaths from asthma
a. Children, aged under 5 years (little or no change)
b. Children and youth, aged 5 to 14 years (little or no change)
c. Adolescents and adults, aged 15 to 34 years (improving)
d. Adults, aged 35 to 64 years (improving)
e. Older adults, aged 65 years and over (improving)

 

24-2 Hospitalizations for asthma
a. Children, aged under 5 years (little or no change)
b. Children and adults, aged 5 to 64 years (little or no change)
c. Adults, aged 65 years and over (getting worse)

 

24-3 Hospital emergency department visits for asthma
a. Children, aged under 5 years (little or no change)
b. Children and adults, aged 5 to 64 years (improving)
c. Older Adults, aged 65 years and over (little or no change)

 

24-6 Patient education—among persons with asthma (improving)

 

24-7 Appropriate asthma care
a. Receiving written asthma plans from health care provider (improving)
b. Receiving proper-use instructions with prescribed inhalers (baseline only)
c. Receiving education on early signs, symptoms and responses to asthma episodes (baseline only)
d. Receiving medication regimens that prevent need for more than 1 beta agonist inhalation canister per month (baseline only)
e. Receiving long-term management care after any hospitalization due to asthma (baseline only)
f. Receiving assistance in reducing exposure to environmental risk factors (improving)

 

24-10 Deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (little or no change)

Picture of Slide 3 as described above.

 

Slide 4

Asthma Mortality

Asthma mortality rates for five age groups shown for baseline year (1999) and most recent data point (2005).

The overall number of asthma deaths in 1999 (4,657) and 2005 (3,884) is shown; this is a 16.6% decrease in the number of asthma deaths.

Picture of Slide 4 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 5

Asthma Mortality, Adults 65 Years and Over

Trend lines show the changing asthma mortality rates by race and ethnicity from 1999 to 2005 for adults 65 years and over. Racial ethnic groups shown are non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic white, Hispanic, and Asian Pacific Islander.

Picture of Slide 5 as described above, which also includes a picture of a line graph as described above.

 

Slide 6

Asthma Hospitalizations

Asthma hospitalization rates for three age groups are shown for baseline year (1998) and most recent data point (2006).

A pie chart shows the breakdown of the percent of asthma hospitalizations for the three age groups.

Picture of Slide 6 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar and pie chart as described above.

 

Slide 7

Asthma Hospitalizations, Children Under 5 Years

Asthma hospitalization rates for children under 5 years are shown for baseline year (1998) and most recent data point (2006). Data are shown for the following categories: total, black, white, male, and female.

Picture of Slide 7 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 8

Asthma Hospitalizations, Adults 65 Years and Over

Asthma hospitalization rates for adults 65 years and over are shown for baseline year (1998) and most recent data point (2006)

Picture of Slide 8 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 9

Asthma Emergency Department Visits

Asthma emergency department visit rates for 3 age groups are shown for baseline year (1995-97) and most recent data point (2004-06).

Picture of Slide 9 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 10

Asthma emergency department visits, ages

5-64 years Asthma emergency department visit rates for the 5-64 age group are shown for baseline year (1995-97) and most recent data point (2004-06). Data are shown for the following categories: total, black, white, male, and female.

Picture of Slide 10 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 11

Asthma patient education: Have you ever taken a course or class on how to manage your asthma yourself?

Percent who have ever taken a course or class on how to manage their asthma themselves is shown for baseline (1998) and most recent data year (2003). Data are shown for the following categories: total, poor, near poor, and middle/high income.

Picture of Slide 11 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 12

Appropriate Asthma Care, 2003

The percent of asthma patients that reported that they have received the following 6 types of asthma care is shown:

  • Proper use instructions with prescribed inhalers (2003 baseline data only)
  • Preventive medication regimens (2003 baseline data only)
  • Long term management care after hospitalization due to asthma (2003 baseline data only)
  • Education on early signs, symptoms, and responses to asthma episodes (2003 baseline data only)
  • Advice to reduce exposure to environmental risk factors (2002 baseline data and 2003 data)
  • Written asthma plan from health care provider (2002 baseline data and 2003 data)

Picture of Slide 12 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 13

Advice to reduce exposure to environmental risk factors

The percent of people who have been asked to change things at home, school, or work to improve their asthma are shown for baseline (2002) and most recent data year (2003). Data are shown for the following categories: total, white, black, Hispanic, female, male, poor, near poor, and middle/high income.

Picture of Slide 13 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 14

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Mortality

Trend lines show the changing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease mortality rates by gender from 1999 to 2005 for adults 45 years and over.

A second set of trend lines show current cigarette smoking percents by gender from 1965 to 2005 for adults 18 years and over.

Picture of Slide 14 as described above, which also includes pictures of two line graphs as described above.

 

Slide 15

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Mortality, Adults 45 Years and Over

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Mortality rates are shown for baseline (1999) and most recent data year (2005). Data are shown for the following categories: total, white, American Indian/Alaska Native, black, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander.

Picture of Slide 15 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 16

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Death Rates, 2003-2005

Map showing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease death rate quintiles for health service areas.

Picture of Slide 16 as described above, which also includes a picture of a map as described above.

 

Slide 17

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Death Rates, 2003-2005

Map showing first and fifth quintile of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease death rates for health service areas.

Picture of Slide 17 as described above, which also includes a picture of a map as described above.

 

Slide 18

Persons With Sleep Apnea Symptoms who Seek Medical Care, Adults 20 years and over

Percent of adults with sleep apnea symptoms who have ever told a doctor that they have trouble sleeping is shown for data year 2005-06. Data are shown for the following categories: total, female, male, 20-39 years, 40-59 years, and 60+ years. These are new data that can be used to measure the developmental objective 24-11a.

A pie chart shows the percent of adults 20 years and over who have sleep apnea symptoms (31.3%).

Picture of Slide 18 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar and pie chart as described above.

 

Slide 19

Persons With Sleep Apnea Symptoms who Seek Medical Care, Adults 20 years and over

Percent of adults with sleep apnea symptoms who have been diagnosed with sleep apnea is shown for data year 2005-06. Data are shown for the following categories: total, female, male, 20-39 years, 40-59 years, and 60+ years.

Picture of Slide 19 as described above, which also includes a picture of a bar chart as described above.

 

Slide 20

Progress Toward 2010 Targets

Shows the status of non-highlighted respiratory disease objectives.
24-4 Activity limitations—among persons with asthma (improving)
24-5 School or work days lost—among persons with asthma, due to asthma (little or no change)
24-8 State-based asthma surveillance systems (target met)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
24-9 Activity limitations due to chronic lung and breathing problems (little or no change)

Sleep Problems
24-11 a, b Medical management of persons with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (no data)
24-12 Motor vehicle crash deaths caused by excessive sleepiness (improving)

Picture of Slide 20 as described above.

 

Slide 21

Summary
  • Most objectives are either moving towards or show little or no change with respect to their Healthy People 2010 targets
  • Asthma mortality has decreased for most age groups (16.6% decrease in number of deaths from 1999 to 2005)
  • Asthma hospitalizations for older adults in 65+ age group have increased
  • Asthma emergency department visits have changed very little
  • COPD mortality for ages 45+ has decreased (4.1% decrease in age adjusted rates 1999 to 2005)
    • American Indian or Alaska Native: 14.2% decrease
    • Hispanic: 14.7% decrease
    • Asian or Pacific Islander: 19.7% decrease

Picture of Slide 21 as described above.

 

Slide 22

Acknowledgements:

Lesley Agress
Health Statistician
CDC/National Center for Health Statistics
LKA7@cdc.gov

Contributors

  • Christopher Barrett, HHS/ODPHP
  • Thomas Croxton, NIH/NHLBI
  • Ellis Davis, HHS/ODPHP
  • Rob Fulwood, NIH/NHLBI
  • Paul Garbe, CDC/NCEH
  • Peter Gergen, NIH/NIAID
  • Jeanette Guyton-Krishan, NIH/NHLBI
  • Elizabeth Jackson, CDC/NCHS
  • Bill Jirles, NIH/NIEHS
  • Jeanne Moorman, CDC/NCEH
  • Zakia Nelson, CDC/NCHS
  • Jeff Pearcy, CDC/NCHS
  • Daniel Rotrosen, NIH/NIAID
  • Diana Schmidt, NIH/NHLBI
  • Virginia Taggart, NIH/NHLBI

Picture of Slide 22 as described above.

 

Slide 23

Progress review data and slides can be found on the web at the Healthy People website.

 

 

 

Healthy People 2010

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