Table of Contents

Locator Record

Title: Hepatitis C: confirmed antibody, Hepatitis C RNA (HCV-RNA), and Hepatitis HCV genotype (HEPC_F )
Contact Number: 1-866-441-NCHS
Years of Content: 2009 - 2010
First Published: September, 2011
Revised: NA
Access Constraints: None
Use Constraints: None
Geographic Coverage: National
Subject:Recommendations have been developed for the prevention and control of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Because of the high rate of asymptomatic infection with this virus, information about the prevalence of this disease is needed to monitor prevention efforts.
Record Source: NHANES 2009 - 2010
Survey Methodology: NHANES 2009 - 2010 is a stratified multistage probability sample of the civilian non-institutionalized population of the U.S.
Medium: NHANES Web site; SAS transport files

Component Description

Hepatitis viruses constitute a major public health problem because of the morbidity and mortality associated with the acute and chronic consequences of these infections. New immunization strategies have been developed to eliminate the spread of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis A virus (HAV) in the United States. Recommendations have also been developed for the prevention and control of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Because of the high rate of asymptomatic infection with these viruses, information about the prevalence of these diseases is needed to monitor prevention efforts. By testing a nationally representative sample of the U.S. population, NHANES will provide the most reliable estimates of age-specific prevalence needed to evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies to prevent these infections. In addition, NHANES provides the means to better define the epidemiology of other hepatitis viruses. NHANES testing for markers of infection with hepatitis viruses will be used to determine secular trends in infection rates across most age and racial/ethnic groups, and will provide a national picture of the epidemiologic determinants of these infections.

Eligible Sample

All participants aged 6 years or older are eligible to be tested.

Description of Laboratory Methodology

Serum specimens are processed, stored, and shipped to the Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Hepatitis C Antibody (anti-HCV)

The VITROS Anti-HCV assay is performed using the VITROS Anti-HCV Reagent Pack and VITROS Immunodiagnostic Products Anti-HCV Calibrator on the VITROS ECi/ECiQ Immunodiagnostic System.

An immunometric technique is used. This involves a two-stage reaction. In the first stage, HCV antibody present in the sample binds with HCV recombinant antigens coated on the wells. Unbound sample is removed by washing. In the second stage, horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled antibody conjugate (mouse monoclonal anti-human IgG) binds to any human IgG captured on the well in the first stage. Unbound conjugate is removed by washing.

A reagent containing luminogenic substrates (a luminol derivative and a peracid salt) and an electron transfer agent, is added to the wells. The HRP in the bound conjugate catalyzes the oxidation of the luminol derivative, producing light. The electron transfer agent increases the level and duration of the light produced. The light signals are read by the VITROS ECi/ECiQ Immunodiagnostic System. The amount of HRP conjugate bound is indicative of the level of anti-HCV present in the sample.

Positive specimens are repeated in duplicate according to the same procedure. Repeatedly positive specimens are tested supplementally using the Chiron RIBA Processor System (Chiron Corporation, Inc.).

The Chiron RIBA HCV 3.0 Strip (confirmation test)
The Chiron RIBA 3.0 Strip Immunoblot Assay (SIA; Chiron Corporation, Inc.) is an in vitro qualitative enzyme immunoassay for the detection of anti-HCV in human serum or plasma.

Detection of anti-HCV by SIA methodology is based upon traditional Western and dot blotting techniques, in which specific immunogens (i.e. antigenic polyproteins) encoded by the HCV genome are immobilized onto a membrane support. Visualization of anti-HCV reactivity in specimens to the individual HCV-encoded proteins is accomplished with anti-human IgG enzyme-conjugates in conjunction with a colorimetric enzyme substrate. Samples with a positive  RIBA result are reported as confirmed positive for antibody to HCV. Samples with a negative RIBA result are reported as negative for antibody to HCV and indeterminate results are reported as indeterminate.

Hepatitis C RNA (HCV-RNA)
The COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR Test, version 2 0 (v2.0) is an in vitro nucleic acid amplification test for the quantitation of Hepatitis C Virus RNA in human serum or plasma on the COBAS AMPLICOR Analyzer.

Hepatitis HCV genotype
The VERSANT ® HCV Genotype 2.0 Assay (LiPA) is a line probe assay designed to identify Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 1 to 6 in human serum or EDTA plasma samples. Subtype information is available in the majority of cases.

There were no changes (from the previous 2 years of NHANES) to equipment, lab methods, or lab site.

Detailed instructions on specimen collection and processing can be found in the NHANES Laboratory/Medical Technologists Procedures Manual (LPM).

Data Processing and Editing

Read the General Documentation on Laboratory Data file for detailed data processing and editing protocols. The analytical methods are described in the Description of Laboratory Methodology section above.

Laboratory Quality Assurance and Monitoring

The NHANES quality control and quality assurance protocols (QA/QC) meet the 1988 Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act mandates. Detailed QA/QC instructions are discussed in the NHANES Laboratory/Medical Technologists Procedures Manual (LPM). Read the General Documentation on Laboratory Data file for detailed QA/QC protocols.

Analytic Notes

NHANES Survey Design:
The analysis of NHANES laboratory data must be conducted with the key survey design and basic demographic variables. The Demographic file contains: Status Variables providing core information on the survey participant including examination status, Recoded Demographic Variables including age, gender, race, etc., and Interview and Examination Sample Weight Variables and Survey Design Variables. The Questionnaire Data Files contain socio-economic data, health indicators, and other related information collected during household interviews. The Phlebotomy Examination file includes auxiliary information on duration of fasting, the time of day of the venipuncture, and the conditions precluding venipuncture. The Demographic, Questionnaire and Phlebotomy Examination files may be linked to the laboratory data file using the unique survey participant identifier SEQN.

The age range and constraints for hepatitis C testing are as follows:

The screening hepatitis C antibody test is performed on all examinees 6 years old or older. Samples testing positive for anti-HCV by the screening EIA test were tested in the confirmatory RIBA assay for antibody to hepatitis C virus. Samples with a positive RIBA result are reported as confirmed positive for antibody to HCV. Samples with a negative RIBA result are reported as negative for antibody to HCV. Samples with an indeterminate RIBA result are reported out as such and subsequently tested for HCV RNA to confirm the infection status of the patient. Samples that tested negative by the screening EIA test were not tested by RIBA. These samples were reported as negative for antibody to HCV. Samples that tested positive or indeterminate for HCV RNA were subsequently tested for HCV genotype.

Exam sample weights should be used for analyses. Please refer to the NHANES Analytic Guidelines  and the on-line NHANES Tutorial  for further details on the use of sample weights and other analytic issues.

References

Codebook and Frequencies

SEQN - Respondent sequence number

Variable Name:
SEQN
SAS Label:
Respondent sequence number
English Text:
Respondent sequence number.
Target:
Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS

LBDHCV - Hepatitis C antibody (confirmed)

Variable Name:
LBDHCV
SAS Label:
Hepatitis C antibody (confirmed)
English Text:
Hepatitis C antibody (confirmed)
Target:
Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Positive 107 107
2 Negative 7764 7871
5 Indeterminate 14 7885
. Missing 706 8591

LBXHCR - Hepatitis C RNA (HCV-RNA)

Variable Name:
LBXHCR
SAS Label:
Hepatitis C RNA (HCV-RNA)
English Text:
Hepatitis C RNA (HCV-RNA)
Target:
Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Positive 67 67
2 Negative 38 105
. Missing 8486 8591

LBXHCG - Hepatitis HCV genotype

Variable Name:
LBXHCG
SAS Label:
Hepatitis HCV genotype
English Text:
Hepatitis HCV genotype
Target:
Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Genotype 1 41 41
2 Genotype other than 1 23 64
3 Undetermined 3 67
. Missing 8524 8591