Table of Contents

Locator Record

Title: Smoking–Recent Tobacco Use (SMQRTU_D )
Contact Number: 1-866-441-NCHS
Years of Content: 2005 - 2006
First Published: December, 2007
Revised: NA
Access Constraints: None
Use Constraints: None
Geographic Coverage: National
Subject:Past 5 day use of cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other nicotine products (Youths and adults).
Record Source: NHANES 2005 - 2006
Survey Methodology: NHANES 2005 - 2006 is a stratified multistage probability sample of the civilian non-institutionalized population of the U.S.
Medium: NHANES Web site; SAS transport files

Component Description

Smoking - Recent Tobacco Use (now named SMQRTU, previously named SMQMEC) provides details on past 5 days use of cigarettes, pipes, cigars and other forms of nicotine. The questions, asked of youths and adults, are of special interest for evaluating the Laboratory cotinine data (i.e., recent nicotine exposure).

Eligible Sample

The target sample, for the questions in this section, is persons age 12 years and older.

There were no proxy interviews. Participants 12-19 years old responded for themselves.

Interview Setting and Mode of Administration

These questions were asked at the mobile examination center (MEC) during the MEC Interview.. Adults 20 years and older were interviewed face -to -face, using computer assisted personal interviewing (CAPI). Youths 12-19 years responded for themselves using a audio computer -assisted self -interview (ACASI) technique, in English or Spanish only.

Quality Assurance & Quality Control

The CAPI and ACASI systems are programmed with built-in consistency checks to reduce data entry errors. CAPI also uses online help screens to assist interviewers in defining key terms used in the questionnaire.

Data Processing and Editing

Edits were made to ensure the completeness, consistency, and analytic usefulness of the data.

Analytic Notes

SMQQUEX: Questionnaire source flag to distinguish between modes of interview (CAPI vs. ACASI).

Additional information on tobacco use is available in data files SMQ and SMQFAM. Note: Youth smoking history (12-19 years)_, formerly SMQMEC is now found in the data file SMQ.

Please refer to the Analytic Guidelines for further details on the use of sample weights and other analytic issues. The Analytic Guidelines are available on the NHANES website.

References

Codebook and Frequencies

SEQN - Respondent sequence number

Variable Name:
SEQN
SAS Label:
Respondent sequence number
English Text:
Respondent sequence number.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS

SMQ680 - Used tobacco/nicotine last 5 days?

Variable Name:
SMQ680
SAS Label:
Used tobacco/nicotine last 5 days?
English Text:
The following questions ask about use of tobacco or nicotine products in the past 5 days. During the past 5 days, did {you/he/she} use any product containing nicotine including cigarettes, pipes, cigars, chewing tobacco, snuff, nicotine patches, nicotine gum, or any other product containing nicotine?
English Instructions:
Verbal instructions to respondent: Please select Yes, No.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 1383 1383
2 No 4987 6370 SMAQUEX
7 Refused 2 6372 SMAQUEX
9 Don't know 0 6372 SMAQUEX
. Missing 608 6980

SMQ690A - Used last 5 days - Cigarettes

Variable Name:
SMQ690A
SAS Label:
Used last 5 days - Cigarettes
English Text:
Which of these products did {you/he/she} use?
English Instructions:
(CHECK ALL THAT APPLY). Verbal instructions to respondent: Please select all that you used.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Cigarettes 1184 1184
77 Refused 1 1185
99 Don't know 1 1186
. Missing 5794 6980

SMQ690B - Used last 5 days - Pipes

Variable Name:
SMQ690B
SAS Label:
Used last 5 days - Pipes
English Text:
Which of these products did {you/he/she} use?
English Instructions:
(CHECK ALL THAT APPLY). Verbal instructions to respondent: Please select all that you used.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
2 Pipes 19 19
. Missing 6961 6980

SMQ690C - Used last 5 days - Cigars

Variable Name:
SMQ690C
SAS Label:
Used last 5 days - Cigars
English Text:
Which of these products did {you/he/she} use?
English Instructions:
(CHECK ALL THAT APPLY). Verbal instructions to respondent: Please select all that you used.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
3 Cigars 141 141
. Missing 6839 6980

SMQ690D - Used last 5 days - Chewing tobacco

Variable Name:
SMQ690D
SAS Label:
Used last 5 days - Chewing tobacco
English Text:
Which of these products did {you/he/she} use?
English Instructions:
(CHECK ALL THAT APPLY). Verbal instructions to respondent: Please select all that you used.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
4 Chewing tobacco 64 64
. Missing 6916 6980

SMQ690E - Used last 5 days - Snuff

Variable Name:
SMQ690E
SAS Label:
Used last 5 days - Snuff
English Text:
Which of these products did {you/he/she} use?
English Instructions:
(CHECK ALL THAT APPLY). Verbal instructions to respondent: Please select all that you used.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
5 Snuff 31 31
. Missing 6949 6980

SMQ690F - Used last 5 days - Patch, gum, other

Variable Name:
SMQ690F
SAS Label:
Used last 5 days - Patch, gum, other
English Text:
Which of these products did {you/he/she} use?
English Instructions:
(CHECK ALL THAT APPLY). Verbal instructions to respondent: Please select all that you used.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
6 Nicotine patches, gum, or other nicotine product 15 15
. Missing 6965 6980

SMQ700 - CHECK ITEM

Variable Name:
SMQ700
English Instructions:
CHECK ITEM SMQ.700: IF 'CIGARETTES' (CODE 1) IN SMQ.690, GO TO SMQ.710. IF 'PIPES' (CODE 2) IN SMQ.690, GO TO SMQ.740. IF 'CIGARS' (CODE 3) IN SMQ.690, GO TO SMQ.770. IF 'CHEW' (CODE 4) IN SMQ.690, GO TO SMQ.800. IF 'SNUFF' (CODE 5) IN SMQ.690, GO TO SMQ.817. IF 'NICOTINE PRODUCT' (CODE 6) IN SMQ.690, GO TO SMQ.830. IF 'REFUSED' (CODE 77) OR "DON'T KNOW" (CODE 99) IN SMQ.690, GO TO SMQ.710.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS

SMQ710 - # days smoked cigarettes last 5 days

Variable Name:
SMQ710
SAS Label:
# days smoked cigarettes last 5 days
English Text:
During the past 5 days {including today}, on how many days did {you/he/she} smoke cigarettes?
English Instructions:
Verbal instructions to respondent: Please enter a number. ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 5
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 5 Range of Values 1184 1184
7 Refused 0 1184
9 Don't know 0 1184
. Missing 5796 6980

SMQ720 - # cigarettes smoked per day

Variable Name:
SMQ720
SAS Label:
# cigarettes smoked per day
English Text:
During the past 5 days, on the days {you/he/she} smoked, how many cigarettes did {you/he/she} smoke each day?
English Instructions:
IF RESPONDENT SAYS 95 OR MORE CIGARETTES PER DAY, ENTER 95. Verbal instructions to respondent: Please enter a number. ENTER NUMBER OF CIGARETTES.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 95
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 60 Range of Values 1182 1182
95 95 cigarettes or more 0 1182
777 Refused 1 1183
999 Don't know 1 1184
. Missing 5796 6980

SMQ725 - When did resp. smoke last cigarette?

Variable Name:
SMQ725
SAS Label:
When did resp. smoke last cigarette?
English Text:
When did {you/he/she} smoke {your/his/her} last cigarette? Was it...
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Today 851 851
2 Yesterday 252 1103
3 3 to 5 days ago 81 1184
7 Refused 0 1184
9 Don't know 0 1184
. Missing 5796 6980

SMQ740 - # days smoked pipe over last 5 days

Variable Name:
SMQ740
SAS Label:
# days smoked pipe over last 5 days
English Text:
During the past 5 days (including today), on how many days did {you/he/she} smoke a pipe?
English Instructions:
Verbal instructions to respondent: Please enter a number. ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 5
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 5 Range of Values 19 19
7 Refused 0 19
9 Don't know 0 19
. Missing 6961 6980

SMQ750 - # pipes smoked per day - last 5 days

Variable Name:
SMQ750
SAS Label:
# pipes smoked per day - last 5 days
English Text:
During the past 5 days, on the days did {you/he/she} smoked a pipe, how many pipes did {you/he/she} smoke each day?
English Instructions:
IF RESPONDENT SAYS LESS THAN 1 PIPE PER DAY, ENTER 1. Verbal instructions to respondent: Please enter a number. ENTER NUMBER OF PIPES.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 59
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 12 Range of Values 19 19
77 Refused 0 19
99 Don't know 0 19
. Missing 6961 6980

SMQ755 - When did resp. smoke last pipe?

Variable Name:
SMQ755
SAS Label:
When did resp. smoke last pipe?
English Text:
When did {you/he/she} smoke {your/his/her} last pipe? Was it...
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Today 5 5
2 Yesterday 8 13
3 3 to 5 days ago 6 19
7 Refused 0 19
9 Don't know 0 19
. Missing 6961 6980

SMQ770 - # days smoked cigars over last 5 days

Variable Name:
SMQ770
SAS Label:
# days smoked cigars over last 5 days
English Text:
During the past 5 days (including today), on how many days did {you/he/she} smoke cigars?
English Instructions:
Verbal instructions to respondent: Please enter a number. ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 5
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 5 Range of Values 141 141
7 Refused 0 141
9 Don't know 0 141
. Missing 6839 6980

SMQ780 - # cigars smoked per day - last 5 days

Variable Name:
SMQ780
SAS Label:
# cigars smoked per day - last 5 days
English Text:
During the past 5 days, on the days {you/he/she} smoked cigars, how many cigars did {you/he/she} smoke each day?
English Instructions:
IF RESPONDENT SAYS LESS THAN 1 CIGAR PER DAY, ENTER 1. Verbal instructions to respondent: Please enter a number. ENTER NUMBER OF CIGARS.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 59
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 20 Range of Values 141 141
77 Refused 0 141
99 Don't know 0 141
. Missing 6839 6980

SMQ785 - When did resp. smoke last cigar?

Variable Name:
SMQ785
SAS Label:
When did resp. smoke last cigar?
English Text:
When did {you/he/she} smoke {your/his/her} last cigar? Was it...
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Today 34 34
2 Yesterday 52 86
3 3 to 5 days ago 55 141
7 Refused 0 141
9 Don't know 0 141
. Missing 6839 6980

SMQ800 - #days used chewing tobacco -last 5 days

Variable Name:
SMQ800
SAS Label:
#days used chewing tobacco -last 5 days
English Text:
During the past 5 days (including today), on how many days did {you/he/she} use chewing tobacco, such as Redman, Levi Garrett or Beechnut?
English Instructions:
Verbal instructions to respondent: Please enter a number. ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 5
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 5 Range of Values 64 64
7 Refused 0 64
9 Don't know 0 64
. Missing 6916 6980

SMQ815 - When did resp. last use chewing tobacco?

Variable Name:
SMQ815
SAS Label:
When did resp. last use chewing tobacco?
English Text:
When did {you/he/she} last use chewing tobacco? Was it...
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Today 32 32
2 Yesterday 21 53
3 3 to 5 days ago 11 64
7 Refused 0 64
9 Don't know 0 64
. Missing 6916 6980

SMQ817 - # days used snuff over last 5 days

Variable Name:
SMQ817
SAS Label:
# days used snuff over last 5 days
English Text:
During the past 5 days {including today}, on how many days did {you/he/she} use snuff, such as Skoal, Skoal Bandits, or Copenhagen?
English Instructions:
Verbal instructions to respondent: Please enter a number. ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 5
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 5 Range of Values 31 31
7 Refused 0 31
9 Don't know 0 31
. Missing 6949 6980

SMQ819 - When last used snuff

Variable Name:
SMQ819
SAS Label:
When last used snuff
English Text:
When did {you/he/she} last use snuff? Was it...
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Today 15 15
2 Yesterday 12 27
3 3 to 5 days ago 4 31
7 Refused 0 31
9 Don't know 0 31
. Missing 6949 6980

SMQ830 - # days used nicotine stop smoking aids?

Variable Name:
SMQ830
SAS Label:
# days used nicotine stop smoking aids?
English Text:
During the past 5 days (including today), on how many days did {you/he/she} use any product containing nicotine to help {you/he/she} stop smoking? Include nicotine patches, gum, or any other product containing nicotine.
English Instructions:
Verbal instructions to respondent: Please enter a number. ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 5
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 5 Range of Values 15 15
7 Refused 0 15
9 Don't know 0 15
. Missing 6965 6980

SMQ840 - Last time used nicotine stop smoking aid

Variable Name:
SMQ840
SAS Label:
Last time used nicotine stop smoking aid
English Text:
When did {you/he/she} last use a product containing nicotine? Was it...
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Today 6 6
2 Yesterday 5 11
3 3 to 5 days ago 4 15
7 Refused 0 15
9 Don't know 0 15
. Missing 6965 6980

SMAQUEX - Questionnaire Mode Flag

Variable Name:
SMAQUEX
SAS Label:
Questionnaire Mode Flag
English Text:
Questionnaire Mode Flag.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 A-CASI B(12 Yrs.-19 Yrs.) 2207 2207
2 MEC CAPI B(20 Yrs.-150 Yrs.) 4773 6980
. Missing 0 6980