Table of Contents

Locator Record

Title: Urinary Iodine (L06UIO_B )
Contact Number: 1-866-441-NCHS
Years of Content: 2001 - 2002
First Published: September, 2004
Revised: NA
Access Constraints: None
Use Constraints: None
Geographic Coverage: National
Subject:Urinary Iodine
Record Source: NHANES 2001 - 2002
Survey Methodology: NHANES 2001 - 2002 is a stratified multistage probability sample of the civilian non-institutionalized population of the U.S.
Medium: NHANES Web site; SAS transport files

Component Description

Trace metals have been associated with adverse health effects in occupational studies or laboratory studies, but have not been monitored in general population groups. Information on levels of exposure to these compounds is essential to determine the need for regulatory mechanisms to reduce the levels of hazardous pollutants to which the general population is exposed and to establish population-based reference intervals for several potentially toxic metals.

Eligible Sample

Participants aged 6 years and older on a one-third sample were tested.

Description of Laboratory Methodology

Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is a multi-element analytical technique. Liquid samples are introduced into the ICP through a nebulizer and spray chamber carried by a flowing argon stream. By coupling radio-frequency power with flowing argon, plasma is created in which the predominant species are positive argon ions and electrons. The sample passes through a region of the plasma that has a temperature of 6000–8000 K. The thermal energy atomizes the sample and then ionizes the atoms. The ions and the argon enter the mass spectrometer through the interface that separates the ICP, which operates at atmospheric pressure, from the mass spectrometer, which operates at a pressure of 10–6 torr. The mass spectrometer permits rapid-sequence ion detection at each mass, which allows determination of individual isotopes of an element. Electrical signals from the ion detection are processed into digital information that is used to first indicate the intensity of the ions and then is used to indicate the concentration of the element. Urine samples are diluted 1+9 with 1% (v/v) tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) containing tellurium for internal standardization.

Data Processing and Editing

Specimens were processed, stored and shipped to Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. Detailed specimen collection and processing instructions are discussed in the NHANES Laboratory/Medical Technologists Procedures Manual (LPM). Read the LABDOC file for detailed data processing and editing protocols. The analytical methods are described in the Description of the Laboratory Methodology section.

Laboratory Quality Assurance and Monitoring

The NHANES quality control and quality assurance protocols (QA/QC) meet the 1988 Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act mandates. Detailed quality control and quality assurance instructions are discussed in the NHANES Laboratory/Medical Technologists Procedures Manual (LPM). Read the LABDOC file for detailed QA/QC protocols.

Analytic Notes

Measures of urinary iodine were assessed in participants aged 6 years and over on a one-third sample.

The analysis of NHANES 2001–2002 laboratory data must be conducted with the key survey design and basic demographic variables. The NHANES 2001–2002 Household Questionnaire Data Files contain demographic data, health indicators, and other related information collected during household interviews. They also contain all survey design variables and sample weights for these age groups. The phlebotomy file includes auxiliary information such as the conditions precluding venipuncture. The household questionnaire and phlebotomy files may be linked to the laboratory data file using the unique survey participant identifier SEQN.

Subsample Weight Notes

Special sample weights are required to analyze these data properly. Use the special weights included in this data file when analyzing data.

References

Codebook and Frequencies

SEQN - Respondent sequence number

Variable Name:
SEQN
SAS Label:
Respondent sequence number
English Text:
Respondent sequence number.
Target:
Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS

URXUIO - Iodine, urine (ng/mL)

Variable Name:
URXUIO
SAS Label:
Iodine, urine (ng/mL)
English Text:
Iodine, urine (ng/mL)
Target:
Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
6 to 136161 Range of Values 2837 2837
. Missing 105 2942

URXUCR - Creatinine, urine (mg/dL)

Variable Name:
URXUCR
SAS Label:
Creatinine, urine (mg/dL)
English Text:
Creatinine, urine (mg/dL)
Target:
Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
9 to 774 Range of Values 2858 2858
. Missing 84 2942

WTUIO2YR - Iodine Subsample 2 year Mec Weight

Variable Name:
WTUIO2YR
SAS Label:
Iodine Subsample 2 year Mec Weight
English Text:
Iodine Subsample 2 year Mec Weight
Target:
Both males and females 6 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 to 663502.47832 Range of Values 2942 2942
. Missing 0 2942