Table of Contents

Locator Record

Title: Hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers to influenza A/ H1N1 viruses (SSH1N1_E )
Contact Number: 1-866-441-NCHS
Years of Content: 2007 - 2008
First Published: October, 2011
Revised: July, 2012
Access Constraints: RDC Only
Use Constraints: RDC Only
Geographic Coverage: National
Subject:Hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers to influenza A/ H1N1 viruses
Record Source: NHANES 2007 - 2008
Survey Methodology: NHANES 2007 - 2008 is a stratified multistage probability sample of the civilian non-institutionalized population of the U.S.
Medium: NHANES Web site; SAS transport files

Component Description

Among a sample of participants of all ages, the antibody testing of stored sera specimens from NHANES 2007–2008 was conducted to determine population levels of pre-pandemic cross reactive antibody to the 2009 pandemic influenza A/H1N1 virus and related influenza A/H1N1 viruses prior to the spread of the novel 2009 H1N1 virus. This data release contains the hemagglutination inhibition assay titers to 2009 H1N1 and two past H1N1 influenza viruses.

Eligible Sample

A sample of participants from NHANES 2007-08, aged 1 year and over, and with stored sera were tested.

Description of Laboratory Methodology

Antibody titers against 2009 H1N1 and two past H1N1 influenza viruses were measured with the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay following standard procedures by Focus Diagnositcs, Inc., Cypress, CA.

The selected virus targets were A/California/7/2009, A/Brisbane/59/2007, and A/New Jersey/8/1976.

The HI assay for each target virus was performed in triplicate. The geometric mean HI titers are reported. An HI titer of ≥40 indicates prior infection with an influenza virus antigenically similar to the tested virus.

Data Processing and Editing

Data was received after all the antibody testing was complete. The data were not edited.

Data Access: All data are publicly available.

Laboratory Quality Assurance and Monitoring

Commercial reagents were used for all testing. All QC procedures recommended by the manufacturers were followed.

Analytic Notes

There are three variables:

H1GMT2009 : Geometric mean hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titer against the influenza A/H1N1 virus A/California/7/2009. Continuous variable - Values range from <10 (the limit of detection) to 403.

H1GMT2007 : Geometric mean hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titer against the influenza A/H1N1 virus A/Brisbane/59/2007. Continuous variable - Values range from <10 (the limit of detection) to 1280.

H1GMT1976 : Geometric mean hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titer against the influenza A/H1N1 virus A/New Jersey/8/1976. Continuous variable - Values range from <10 (the limit of detection) to 320 

Analytic Guidelines for H1N1:

1. Given the limited sample size it is suggested that prevalence estimates are only be presented by 1-way classifications.

2. Estimates should not be presented for the age group of 1-5 y due to limited sample size.

3. Overall estimates of prevalence for all ages (1+) can be done. However, all other analyses by age should only be presented for ages 6+.

4. All estimates should be weighted, using the adjusted weight, WTH1N1. All variance estimates should account for the complex design (SDMVPSU and SDMVSTRA). The dataset should be merged with the 2007-2008 demographic file and then create a subset of your sample population using the subpopn statement in the SUDAAN procedure (or similar procedure in another statistical package) itself and not in the SAS data step for proper variance calculation.

5. All estimates should be assessed for design effects, relative standard error, and degrees of freedom. Design effects (DEFF) for a variable can be different for age groups. DEFF can be very different for different variables due to differences in variation by geography, by household intra class correlation, and by demographic heterogeneity. Because DEFFs are highly variable for different variables within each 2-year cycle of the continuous NHANES, it is difficult to set a single minimum sample size for analysis. The general statistical consideration is that an estimated proportion should have a relative standard error of 30% or less.

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/tutorials/nhanes/SurveyDesign/VarianceEstimation/Info3.htm
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/tutorials/nhanes/SurveyDesign/VarianceEstimation/Info1.htm

6. For prevalence estimates near 0% or near 100%, standard methods of calculating confidence limits, such as the Wald method, may produce lower limits less than 0% or upper limits greater than 100%. In these cases, it is often recommended to use alternative methods for calculating 95% confidence limits using transformations (such as the logit or arcsine transformation), using the Wilson method, or calculating exact confidence limits such as the Clopper-Pearson approach. For applications to survey data, see Korn and Graubard.

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/tutorials/nhanes/SurveyDesign/VarianceEstimation/Info3.htm 

 

References

Codebook and Frequencies

SEQN - Respondent sequence number

Variable Name:
SEQN
SAS Label:
Respondent sequence number
English Text:
Respondent sequence number.
Target:
Both males and females 1 YEARS - 150 YEARS

SSH12009 - H1N1 virus A/California/7/2009

Variable Name:
SSH12009
SAS Label:
H1N1 virus A/California/7/2009
English Text:
Geometric mean hemogglutination inhibition titer against influenza A/H1N1Virus A/California/7/2009
Target:
Both males and females 1 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
10 to 403 Range of Values 366 366
9 Less than 10 776 1142
. Missing 0 1142

SSH12007 - H1N1 virus A/Brisbane/59/2007

Variable Name:
SSH12007
SAS Label:
H1N1 virus A/Brisbane/59/2007
English Text:
Geometric mean hemogglutination inhibition titer against influenza A/H1N1 virus A/Brisbane/59/2007
Target:
Both males and females 1 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
10 to 1280 Range of Values 584 584
9 Less than 10 558 1142
. Missing 0 1142

SSH11976 - H1N1 virus A/New Jersey/8/1976

Variable Name:
SSH11976
SAS Label:
H1N1 virus A/New Jersey/8/1976
English Text:
Geometric mean hemagglutination inhibition titer against influenza A/H1H1 virus A/New Jersey/8/1976
Target:
Both males and females 1 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
10 to 320 Range of Values 137 137
9 Less than 10 1005 1142
. Missing 0 1142

WTH1N1 - H1N1 sample weight

Variable Name:
WTH1N1
SAS Label:
H1N1 sample weight
English Text:
H1N1 sample weight
Target:
Both males and females 1 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
25680.325814 to 1730466.4155 Range of Values 1141 1141
1730466.4155 1730466.4155 1 1142
. Missing 0 1142