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Limitations in Activities of Daily Living and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, 2003-2007

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These tables show frequency distributions of limitations in activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) by age. Two sets of ADL tables are provided that use different levels of aggregation. Data are from the 2003-2007 National Health Interview Surveys and represent average annual numbers and rates. Combining five years of data is necessary in order to obtain large enough cell sizes to produce reliable estimates.

Table 1. Frequency distributions of number of limitation in activities of daily living (ADLs) by age: United States, 2003-2007
Limitation in activities of daily living (ADL)1
Age Total None 1 2 3+
Number in thousands2
18+ years 217,887214,4398027201,891
18-44 years 110,531110,04593111276
18-24 years 28,30428,182272470
25-34 years 39,19439,050293281
35-44 years 43,03342,8133755125
45-54 years 42,09141,65798107228
55-64 years 30,13329,64112196272
65+ years 35,13233,0974904061,116
65-74 years 18,61318,060130119299
75-84 years 12,62511,846179154439
85+ years 3,8943,191181133378

1 Activities of daily living (ADLs) include needing the help of other persons with bathing or showering, dressing, eating, getting in or out of bed or chairs, using the toilet, including getting to the toilet, and getting around inside the home.

2 Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies, but they are included in the "Total" column.

NOTE: National Health Interview Survey, 2003-2007. Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstiturionalized population.

Table 2. Percent distributions of number of limitation in activities of daily living (ADLs) by age: United States, 2003-2007
Limitation in activities of daily living (ADL)1
Age Total None 1 2 3+
Percent distribution (standard error)2
18+ years 100.098.4 (0.03)0.4 (0.01)0.3 (0.01)0.9 (0.02)
18-44 years 100.099.6 (0.02)0.1 (0.01)0.1 (0.01)0.2 (0.01)
18-24 years 100.099.6 (0.04)0.1 (0.02)0.1 (0.02)0.2 (0.03)
25-34 years 100.099.6 (0.03)0.1 (0.01)0.1 (0.01)0.2 (0.02)
35-44 years 100.099.5 (0.03)0.1 (0.01)0.1 (0.02)0.3 (0.02)
45-54 years 100.099.0 (0.05)0.2 (0.03)0.3 (0.02)0.5 (0.03)
55-64 years 100.098.4 (0.07)0.4 (0.03)0.3 (0.03)0.9 (0.05)
65+ years 100.094.3 (0.13)1.4 (0.06)1.2 (0.05)3.2 (0.09)
65-74 years 100.097.1 (0.11)0.7 (0.05)0.6 (0.05)1.6 (0.08)
75-84 years 100.093.9 (0.21)1.4 (0.10)1.2 (0.09)3.5 (0.16)
85+ years 100.082.2 (0.62)4.7 (0.33)3.4 (0.28)9.7 (0.49)

1 Activities of daily living (ADLs) include needing the help of other persons with bathing or showering, dressing, eating, getting in or out of bed or chairs, using the toilet, including getting to the toilet, and getting around inside the home.

2 Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages.

NOTE: National Health Interview Survey, 2003-2007. Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstiturionalized population.

Table 3. Frequency distributions of number of limitation in activities of daily living (ADLs) by age: United States, 2003-2007
Limitation in activities of daily living (ADL)1
Age Total None 1 2+
Number in thousands2
18+ years 217,887214,4398022,611
18-44 years 110,531110,04593387
18-24 years 28,30428,1822794
25-34 years 39,19439,05029113
35-44 years 43,03342,81337180
45-54 years 42,09141,65798335
55-64 years 30,13329,641121367
65+ years 35,13233,0974901,522
65-74 years 18,61318,060130418
75-84 years 12,62511,846179593
85+ years 3,8943,191181512

1 Activities of daily living (ADLs) include needing the help of other persons with bathing or showering, dressing, eating, getting in or out of bed or chairs, using the toilet, including getting to the toilet, and getting around inside the home.

2 Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies, but they are included in the "Total" column.

NOTE: National Health Interview Survey, 2003-2007. Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstiturionalized population.

Table 4. Percent distributions of number of limitation in activities of daily living (ADLs) by age: United States, 2003-2007
Limitation in activities of daily living (ADL)1
Age Total None 1 2+
Percent distribution (standard error)2
18+ years 100.098.4 (0.03)0.4 (0.01)1.2 (0.02)
18-44 years 100.099.6 (0.02)0.1 (0.01)0.4 (0.02)
18-24 years 100.099.6 (0.04)0.1 (0.02)0.3 (0.03)
25-34 years 100.099.6 (0.03)0.1 (0.01)0.3 (0.02)
35-44 years 100.099.5 (0.03)0.1 (0.01)0.4 (0.03)
45-54 years 100.099.0 (0.05)0.2 (0.03)0.8 (0.04)
55-64 years 100.098.4 (0.07)0.4 (0.03)1.2 (0.06)
65+ years 100.094.3 (0.13)1.4 (0.06)4.3 (0.11)
65-74 years 100.097.1 (0.11)0.7 (0.05)2.2 (0.10)
75-84 years 100.093.9 (0.21)1.4 (0.10)4.7 (0.18)
85+ years 100.082.2 (0.62)4.7 (0.33)13.2 (0.55)

1 Activities of daily living (ADLs) include needing the help of other persons with bathing or showering, dressing, eating, getting in or out of bed or chairs, using the toilet, including getting to the toilet, and getting around inside the home.

2 Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages.

NOTE: National Health Interview Survey, 2003-2007. Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstiturionalized population.

Table 5. Frequency distributions of limitation in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) by age: United States, 2003-2007
Limitation in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs)1
Age Total Yes No
Number in thousands2
18+ years 217,8877,908209,920
18-44 years 110,5311,237109,274
18-24 years 28,30424428,056
25-34 years 39,19437438,815
35-44 years 43,03361942,403
45-54 years 42,0911,12840,948
55-64 years 30,1331,27428,851
65+ years 35,1324,27030,847
65-74 years 18,6131,15917,449
75-84 years 12,6251,73710,880
85+ years 3,8941,3742,517

1 Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) include everyday household chores, doing necessary business, shopping, or getting around for other purposes.

2 Unknowns for the columns are not included in the frequencies, but they are included in the "Total" column.

NOTE: National Health Interview Survey, 2003-2007. Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstiturionalized population.

Table 6. Percent distributions of limitation in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) by age: United States, 2003-2007
Limitation in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs)1
Age Total Yes No
Percent distribution (standard error)2
18+ years 100.03.6 (0.05)96.4 (0.05)
18-44 years 100.01.1 (0.03)98.9 (0.03)
18-24 years 100.00.9 (0.05)99.1 (0.05)
25-34 years 100.01.0 (0.05)99.0 (0.05)
35-44 years 100.01.4 (0.06)98.6 (0.06)
45-54 years 100.02.7 (0.08)97.3 (0.08)
55-64 years 100.04.2 (0.12)95.8 (0.12)
65+ years 100.012.2 (0.21)87.8 (0.21)
65-74 years 100.06.2 (0.18)93.8 (0.18)
75-84 years 100.013.8 (0.31)86.2 (0.31)
85+ years 100.035.3 (0.81)64.7 (0.81)

1 Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) include everyday household chores, doing necessary business, shopping, or getting around for other purposes.

2 Unknowns for the columns were not included in the denominators when calculating percentages.

NOTE: National Health Interview Survey, 2003-2007. Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstiturionalized population.

These estimates may be revised in the future as further analyses are completed.

 

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