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CDC estimates that 1.1 million people in the United States are living with HIV – and nearly one in six of those are not aware that they are infected.1 Approximately 50,000 people become newly infected each year.2 In addition to recognized risk behaviors, a range of social and economic factors places some Americans at increased risk for HIV infection. Prevention efforts have helped keep the rate of new infections stable in recent years, but continued growth in the number of people living with HIV ultimately may lead to more new infections if prevention, care, and treatment efforts are not targeted to those at greatest risk.
Today's HIV/AIDS Epidemic (print version)
1CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data – United States and 6 U.S. dependent areas – 2011. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2013;18(No. 5). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/reports. Published October 2013. (Accessed October 31, 2013).
2CDC. Estimated HIV incidence among adults and adolescents in the United States, 2007–2010. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2012;17(No. 4). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/reports/#supplemental. Published December 2012.
3Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2011; vol. 23. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/reports/. Published February 2013. (Accessed March 28, 2013).
4Hall, HI, Frazier EL, Rhodes P, et al. Differences in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Care and Treatment Among Subpopulations in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2013:1-7. DOI:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.6841
5Purcell D et al. Estimating the population size of men who have sex with men in the United States to obtain HIV and syphilis rates. The Open AIDS Journal 2012; 6(Suppl 1: M6): 114–123.
6CDC. Characteristics associated with HIV infection among heterosexuals in urban areas with high AIDS prevalence – 24 cities, United States, 2006-2007. MMWR 2011;60(31)1045-49.
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