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HIV Prevention in the United States:

Expanding the Impact

Expanding the Impact
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Populations at Higher Risk for HIV: Racial and Ethnic Health Inequities

In part due to a number of social and economic challenges, such as lack of access to care, discrimination, stigma, homophobia, and poverty, people of color have higher rates of HIV infection than whites (see “Socioeconomic Factors Affecting HIV Risk” section for more information).

Estimated Rate of New HIV Infections, 2010
This bar chart shows the estimated rates of new HIV infections in 2010 by race/ethnicity and gender. It shows that African American men and women are disproportionately affected. Among men, there were: 103.6 new infections per 100,000 black men; 45.5 new infections per 100,000 Hispanic men; and 15.8 new infections per 100,000 white men. Among women, there were: 38.1 new infections per 100,000 black women; 8.0 new infections per 100,000 Hispanic women; and 1.9 new infections per 100,000 white women. (Download High Resolution Version)

African Americans

Among racial/ethnic groups, African Americans face the most severe burden of HIV and AIDS in the nation. While African Americans represent 14 percent of the U.S. population, they account for almost half of new infections (44 percent) and of people living with HIV (44 percent).1, 2


Latinos are also disproportionately affected by HIV, representing approximately 17 percent of the total U.S. population, but accounting for 21 percent of all new HIV infections and 19 percent of people living with HIV.1, 2

* Data on national estimates of HIV prevalence and new infections includes individuals who identify as “Hispanic” or “Latino” on reporting forms.

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