Populations at Higher Risk for HIV: Racial and Ethnic Health Inequities
In part due to a number of social and economic challenges, such as lack of access to care, discrimination, stigma, homophobia, and poverty, people of color have higher rates of HIV infection than whites (see “Socioeconomic Factors Affecting HIV Risk” section for more information).
Among racial/ethnic groups, African Americans face the most severe burden of HIV and AIDS in the nation. While African Americans represent 14 percent of the U.S. population, they account for almost half of new infections (44 percent) and of people living with HIV (44 percent).1, 2
Latinos are also disproportionately affected by HIV, representing approximately 16 percent of the total U.S. population, but accounting for 21 percent of all new HIV infections and 19 percent of people living with HIV.1, 2
* Data on national estimates of HIV prevalence and new infections includes individuals who identify as “Hispanic” or “Latino” on reporting forms.
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