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HIV Prevention in the United States:

Expanding the Impact

Expanding the Impact
To Date
in HIV
of HIV

Care and Prevention for People Living with HIV

Advances in Treatment

In the mid-1990s, the introduction of highly effective antiretroviral therapy greatly extended the life expectancy of people living with HIV and caused a dramatic drop in AIDS deaths. However, without medical care, HIV still leads to AIDS and early death. Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 650,000 people with AIDS in the United States have died, and even today, more than 13,000 people with AIDS in the United States die each year.3

AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths,
This line graph illustrates two AIDS statistics from 1985-2012. The first line shows the number of AIDS diagnoses, which increased from about 10,000 in 1985 to more than 75,000 in 1992, and then declined, reaching less than 42,000 in 1998. The second line shows the number of deaths due to AIDS in the United States, which increased from less than 10,000 in 1985 to a peak of more than 50,000 in 1995, and then sharply declined beginning in 1996, the year that antiretroviral treatment was introduced, to less than 20,000 in 1998. (Download High Resolution Version)

Linkage to and Retention in Care

Percentage of HIV-Infected Individuals Engaged in Selected Stages of the Continuum of HIV Care, 2011
This chart shows the percentage of people with HIV in the United States engaged in selected stages of the continuum of HIV care in 2011. Out of 1.2 million Americans with HIV, 1 million (86 percent) know they are infected; 478,000 (40 percent) are seeing an HIV doctor; 442,000 (37 percent) are receiving treatment; and 362,000 (30 percent) have a very low amount of the virus in their bodies. (Download High Resolution Version)

AIDS-related deaths occur when people who are infected do not receive the testing, treatment, and care they need. Treatment can help people with HIV live longer, healthier lives and also greatly reduces the chances of passing HIV on to others. However, only 30 percent of people with HIV in the United States are successfully keeping their virus under control.4

Late Diagnosis

Far too many people are diagnosed too late to fully benefit from available life-extending treatment. Among those initially diagnosed with HIV infection during 2012, one-quarter (24 percent) were simultaneously diagnosed with AIDS, indicating they were likely infected for many years without knowing it.1 These late diagnoses represent missed opportunities for treatment and prevention.

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The NCHHSTP Atlas is an interactive tool that provides CDC an effective way to disseminate HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB data, while allowing users to observe trends and patterns by creating detailed reports, maps, and other graphics. Find out more!

Prevention Through Health Care

May 19. HEPATITIS TESTING DAY.  Click here to learn more.

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