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HIV Prevention in the United States:

Expanding the Impact

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Too Few People with HIV Are Aware of Their Infection

Percentage of People Who Have Ever Been Tested, Overall and By Population, 2010
This bar chart shows the percentage of people who had ever had an HIV test in 2010 overall and by sex, age, and race/ethnicity. The chart shows that 45 percent of Americans overall have been tested; 40 percent of men; and 50 percent of women.  By age group, 35 percent of those aged 18 to 24 have been tested; 57 percent of those aged 25 to 34; 57 percent of those aged 35 to 44; and 37 percent of those aged 45 to 64.  By race/ethnicity, 41 percent of whites; 46 percent of Hispanics; 65 percent of African Americans; and 42 percent of those of other races/ethnicities have been tested. (Download High Resolution Version)

CDC estimates that of the 1.1 million people living with HIV in the United States, nearly one in six (more than 180,000 individuals) do not know they are infected.3 Because half of new infections are transmitted by people who do not know they are infected, undiagnosed infection remains a significant factor fueling the HIV epidemic.4

HIV testing has never been quicker or easier than it is today, and more people have been tested than ever before. But fear and misperceptions can still keep people from finding out their HIV status:

  • Many people, even those who engage in high-risk behavior, do not get tested because they do not believe they are at risk for HIV.5-9
  • Others misunderstand the testing process, not realizing that rapid HIV tests can be done with a simple cheek swab or finger prick and provide results in as little as 20 minutes.8, 9
  • Some are concerned that other people will find out that they have tested positive (or that they sought testing at all), although testing is completely confidential.5-9
  • Some may avoid testing simply because they are afraid their test will be positive.5-9

Today, more than half of American adults have not yet been tested.10



 
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The NCHHSTP Atlas is an interactive tool that provides CDC an effective way to disseminate HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB data, while allowing users to observe trends and patterns by creating detailed reports, maps, and other graphics. Find out more! http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/atlas/


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