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The Rational Unified Process (RUP) requires that all stakeholders’ and users’ needs be identified to effectively implement, develop, or enhance a system that meets those needs. This section provides a profile of the stakeholders and users involved in the project and the key problems that they perceive should be addressed by the proposed solution.
A stakeholder is an individual or group that has a stake or interest in the development of the Network. Identified system stakeholders are listed in the table below along with governmental and nongovernmental affiliation or agency. In some cases, groups of individuals, such as teams or grantees associated with a particular governmental affiliate or agency, are listed below the applicable governmental affiliate or agency. For example, the office of the Director, Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Program Management Office is an affiliate of the CDC, and the associated team is the PHIN Development Team. Table 1 [opens in new window] includes a description of some stakeholders and a summary of responsibilities with regard to the system.
A user is a person or group for whom the system is designed. System users are listed in the table below. Table 2 [opens in new window] describes each user and a summary of responsibilities with regard to the system. To identify users of the system, a joint application development (JAD) session was convened with a cross section of grantees. In addition, a matrix provided by the Network Architecture Subgroup was used as a cross-reference to ensure all users were identified with consistency. Users are anticipated to use the Network in the following ways: 1) Data Seeker – searches for data within the Network, 2) Data Discoverer – uses the Network without an intended data purpose but finds data of interest, 3) Data Owner – provides data to the Network, or 4) Data Steward – shares data with the Network but not as the original provider. Examples listed in the table are not exclusive.
Key Needs of Stakeholders and Users
The key anticipated needs and problems as perceived by a sub-set of stakeholders and users are listed below. The list encompasses the needs of stakeholders and users at all levels (national, state, regional, tribal, and local). It should be noted that the stakeholder needs may not be all inclusive because complete stakeholder input is forthcoming. The list will expand as necessary to include additional needs as they are identified.
- Integrated data
- Compatible data1
- Ability to expand
- Linkable data2
- Ability to assess data quality
- Ability to secure (to protect confidentiality)
- User friendliness
- Usefulness for environmental public health actions (such as immediate response, planning and evaluation, policy making, and etiologic studies)
- Provisions for access to and reporting of data at multiple time scales (e.g., multi-year for trend data and real-time)
- Tools to support various types of analyses (e.g., trend analysis, geo-coding) and communication of results from those analyses
- Tools to search for and find data (e.g., inventories, metadata, search engines)