Text Box: Definitions Related to Lead
Deteriorated lead-based paint: Paint known to contain lead above the regulated level that shows signs of peeling, chipping, chalking, blistering, alligatoring, or otherwise separating from its substrate. 
Dust removal: The process of removing dust to avoid creating a greater problem of spreading lead particles; usually through wet or damp collection and use of HEPA vacuums. 
Hazard abatement: Long-term measures to remove the hazards of lead-based paint through replacement of building components, enclosure, encapsulation, or paint removal. 
Interim control: Short-term methods to remove lead dust, stabilize deteriorating painted surfaces, treat friction and impact surfaces that generate lead dust, and repaint surfaces. Maintenance can ensure that housing remains lead-safe. 
Lead-based paint: Any existing paint, varnish, shellac, or other coating that is equal to or greater than 1.0 milli¬grams per square centimeter (mg/cm2) or greater than 0.5% by weight (5,000 ppm, 5,000 micrograms per gram [µg/g], or 5,000 milligrams per kilogram [mg/kg]). For new paint, CPSC has established 0.06% as the maximum amount of lead allowed in new paint. Lead in paint can be measured by x-ray fluorescence analyzers or laboratory analysis by certified personnel and approved laboratories. 
Risk assessment: An on-site investigation to determine the presence and condition of lead-based paint, including limited test samples and an evaluation of the age, condition, housekeeping practices, and uses of a residence.