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Policy Resources

Congressional Reports

Report to Congress for Fiscal Years 2001-2002 [PDF - 164 KB]

Data Sharing and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

Overcoming Barriers to Data-Sharing Related to the HIPAA Privacy Rule: A Guide for State and Local Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Programs
This guide reviews HIPAA requirements and exceptions, focusing on those for public health agencies, and describes permissible uses of lead-related data under the HIPAA Privacy Rule. View in PDF [586 KB] Source: Alliance for Healthy Homes

HIPAA Privacy Rule and Public Health: Guidance from CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Source: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report) 2003 (Vol. 52(S-1); 1-12. [PDF - 241 KB]

The Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)
Source: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
View a copy of the joint letter by EPA and CDC[PDF - 54 KB] regarding the confidentiality of childhood lead poisoning data.

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control
View a copy of the joint letter by HUD and CDC [PDF - 137 KB] regarding the confidentiality of childhood lead poisoning data.

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Federal and State Laws

Federal laws

EPA’s Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting Program Rule (RRP)
This webpage lists the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s requirements and lists information for state officials, property owners, families, and contractors pertaining to the RRP rule. Source: U.S. EPA

EPA's Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule
This document summarizes EPA’s new Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting Program rule. Source: National Center for Healthy Housing

Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
This webpage is an online version of the Toxic Substances Control Act. See Subchapter IV for regulations on lead exposure reduction. Source: U.S. Government Printing Office

HUD’s Lead Safe Housing Rule
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Lead Safe Housing Rule applies to all target housing that is federally owned and applies to target housing receiving federal assistance. Source: U.S. HUD

The Lead Disclosure Rule (Title X, Section 1018)
This law requires the disclosure of known information on lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards before the sale or lease of most housing built before 1978. Source: U.S. HUD

Title X Regulations (Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992) Source: U.S. HUD
  • Public Law 102-550
    Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992
  • Title X, Sections 1012 and 1013
    Requirements for the Notification, Evaluation, and Reduction of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Federally Owned Residential Property and Housing Receiving Federal Assistance.

The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008(CPSIA) [PDF - 189 KB]
The complete act and section summaries of the CPSIA. Source: U.S. CPSC

Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) [PDF - 568 KB]
The CPSA provides that when the Consumer Product Safety Commission finds an unreasonable risk of injury associated with a consumer product, it can develop a standard to reduce or eliminate the risk. Source: U.S. CPSC

State laws

Lead Statutes Database [PDF - 1 MB]
The Lead Statutes Database provides lawmakers and others with an easily searchable tool for assessing state lead poisoning prevention policy trends. Source: National Conference of State Legislatures

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Lead-Safe Housing Policy

Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC)
This 2007 report examines how the LIHTC program has addressed childhood lead poisoning associated with lead-based paint hazards in old housing that is undergoing rehabilitation. It describes additional measures that should be taken to ensure that program advances the goal of eliminating the disease by 2010 and does not inadvertently create lead-based paint hazards in the housing units it rehabilitates, therefore protecting the future viability of the program.

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Policy Statements

American Academy of Pediatrics

Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels (revised by 2005 statement)
Source: Pediatrics 101(6): 1072-1078 (1998)

Lead Exposure in Children: Prevention, Detection, and Management (revision of 1998 statement)
Source: Pediatrics 116(4): 1036-1046 (2005)

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Tools

Federal Lead-Based Paint Enforcement Bench Book - January 2009 [PDF - 1.6 MB]
The Federal Lead-Based Paint Enforcement Bench Book provides an overview of federal statutes, regulations, and enforcement programs. It covers the Lead Safe Housing Rule, and Section 7003 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. The benchbook also explains how federal enforcement programs operate, and how to promote enforcement through referrals and partnerships. Source: National Center for Healthy Housing

Guidebook for Developing State and Local Lead-Based Enforcement Bench Books - August 2008 [PDF - 339 KB]
The Guidebook for Developing State and Local Lead-Based Enforcement Bench Books is a how-to manual to help those who are not lawyers develop state and local lead-based paint enforcement benchbooks for their jurisdictions. Because of diverse state and local laws, no single benchbook would be accurate or relevant for every jurisdiction. Therefore, the guidebook provides background and resource information, advice, and specific "action items" for developing state and local benchbooks. The guidebook also explains how to find codes about housing, property maintenance, health, nuisance abatement, and other topics that may address lead-based paint hazards. Source: National Center for Healthy Housing

Lead-Based Paint: The Law in Indiana - July 2006 [PDF - 11 MB]
This benchbook is designed to provide judges and lawyers in the state of Indiana with a quick reference to all applicable federal, state, and local laws related to lead poisoning. The manual may serve as a model for other states. Source: Improving Kids' Environment

Lead-Safe Housing Policy Guidance Series - December 2004 [PDF - 139 KB]
Source: Alliance for Healthy Homes

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