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Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

Links to information from outside CDC

Animal Feeding Operations (National Agricultural Law Center) – overview of environmental regulations and resources pertaining to animal feeding operations

Animal Feeding Operations (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) – information about the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, which regulates agricultural feeding operations that meet the regulatory definition of a CAFO

Animal Feedlots (Minnesota Pollution Control Agency) – list of Minnesota’s rules governing the storage, transportation, disposal, and use of animal manure and process wastewaters and permits for construction and operation of animal manure management and disposal or use systems

Animal Waste Disposal Issues in North Carolina (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Inspector General) – review document about six spills from animal waste lagoons in North Carolina during summer 1995

Environmental Injustice in North Carolina’s Hog Industry (Environmental Health Perspectives) – study on whether there are disproportionate impacts of intensive hog production on people of color and on the poor in North Carolina

Manure Management and Air Quality Education and Research (University of Minnesota Extension Service) – university extension service that focuses on economically feasible and environmentally sound manure handling systems that also meet air and water quality protection regulations

Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production (Pew Commission) – information on public health, impact on rural communities, environment and animal health, and well-being related to animal feeding operations

Research Shows Cattle Are Infected With E. coli Mostly in Summer (Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture) – study on the percentage of cattle entering processing plants carrying strains of the E. coli bacterium during peak contamination season

Tracking Manure-borne Pathogens (Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture) – study on the paths microbial pathogens can take to taint food and water supplies

Understanding Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations and Their Impact on Communities [PDF - 2.36 MB] (National Association of Local Boards of Health) – publication to help local boards of health understand their roles in developing ways to mitigate potential problems associated with CAFOs

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