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Chapter 6 Conclusions

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Understanding and Promoting Physical Activity

  1. Consistent influences on physical activity patterns among adults and young people include confidence in one's ability to engage in regular physical activity (e.g., self-efficacy), enjoyment of physical activity, support from others, positive beliefs concerning the benefits of physical activity, and lack of perceived barriers to being physically active.

  2. For adults, some interventions have been successful in increasing physical activity in communities, worksites, and health care settings, and at home.
  3. Interventions targeting physical education in elementary school can substantially increase the amount of time students spend being physically active in physical education class.