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Chapter 3 Conclusion

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Physiologic Responses and Long-Term Adaptations to Exercise

  1. Physical activity has numerous beneficial physiologic effects. Most widely appreciated are its effects on the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems, but benefits on the functioning of metabolic, endocrine, and immune systems are also considerable.
  2. Many of the beneficial effects of exercise training - from both endurance and resistance activities - diminish within 2 weeks if physical activity is substantially reduced, and effects disappear within 2 to 8 months if physical activity is not resumed.
  3. People of all ages, both male and female, undergo beneficial physiologic adaptations to physical activity.
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